New regulations enhance transparency in private placement of bonds

September, 23/2022 - 10:17
The new decree on offering and trading private placement bonds helps standardise and improve bond issuance conditions, supervision of capital use purposes and information transparency, said analysts.
A bondholder shows her ABOND bonds. — VNA/VNS Photo

HÀ NỘI — The new decree on offering and trading private placement bonds helps standardise and improve bond issuance conditions, supervision of capital use purposes and information transparency, said analysts.

The Government on September 16 issued Decree 65/2022/NĐ-CP which amends and supplements a number of articles of Decree 153/2020/NĐ-CP dated December 31, 2020 on offering and trading private placement bonds in the domestic market and offering corporate bonds to the international market.

The new decree seeks to strengthen issuers' responsibilities and obligations in using bond proceeds for the intended purposes.

Analysts from Mirae Asset Securities Vietnam Joint Stock Company, Nguyễn Nam Sơn and Nguyễn Dương Công Nguyên, said that the corporate bond market will see many fluctuations in the short term, related to the review of the compliance level of bond issuance.

The development potential of this market remained very large. If compared with countries in the region, the ratio of corporate bonds to GDP of Việt Nam is currently at a low level of 15 per cent, while that of Thailand is about 97 per cent or Malaysia with 58 per cent.

The issuance of this new decree shows the determination of the management agency to stabilise the corporate bond market, which has faced many risks and shortcomings, leading to cases of violations in recent years, they said.

The new decree adds provisions on ensuring publicity and sets standards and strengthens sanctions enforcement measures and removes unreasonable constraints on the corporate bond market, according to Vũ Tiến Lộc, president of the Vietnam International Arbitration Centre and member of the Economic Committee of the National Assembly.

All the adjustments in the new decree are believed to strengthen the State's management role to protect investors, Lộc said.

According to the Việt Nam Bond Market Association (VBMA), in the first eight months of 2022, there were 344 private placements of bonds worth about VNĐ211.3 trillion, accounting for 96 per cent of the total issuance value. The value of bond private placement decreased by about 40 per cent compared to the same period last year.

KB Securities Việt Nam Joint Stock Company (KBSV) said that since 2005, when the Vietnamese corporate bond market started operating, the total issuance value has reached nearly VNĐ2.5 quadrillion with more than 5,000 issuances, playing an important role in providing capital for the economy. The market size has increased sharply by 140 times, equivalent to nearly 18.3 per cent of GDP.

Most businesses choose to issue in the form of private placement, with the private issuance rate usually reaching 85-95 per cent of the total issuance, because of public issuance regulations at a higher cost.

Đỗ Bảo Ngọc, deputy general director of Việt Nam Kiến Thiết Securities Company, said that the new decree would help the market solve the current shortcomings in legal issues.

Under the new decree, the bond owner's representative also participates in the process of controlling the purpose of capital use of the issuer and must periodically report to the management agency. Thus, there will be an additional unit to monitor the process of using capital.

According to Ngọc, Decree 65 has a positive and huge impact on the corporate bond market, contributing to solving capital problems and promoting positive changes in businesses in terms of transparency, while limiting investor risks. — VNS

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