HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam will face challenges in implementing policies and laws on environmental protection, especially in industries seeing strong growth, said Nick Thorpe from the People and Nature Reconciliation (PanNature) centre.
Speaking at a seminar themed “Free trade: Investment movement and environmental issues in Việt Nam” held by PanNature in Hà Nội last Friday, Thorpe said that Việt Nam would meet difficulties in abiding by environmental standards regulated in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, and local land compensation laws.
There were loopholes in Việt Nam’s policies on environmental management for businesses, he stressed.
Lê Đăng Doanh, former director of the Central Institute for Economic Management, said by joining free trade agreements (FTAs), Việt Nam had to uphold regulations on ozone-depleting substances, pollution at sea, transparent co-operation in protecting the environment, and cutting fishing activities that harm fisheries resources.
Doanh suggested building a relevant regulation system, adding that it was necessary to enhance supervision of environmental protection for foreign-invested enterprises.
FDI businesses’ operation ought to obey regulations on management of waste water, dust and noise from the first phases of design and technology selection to construction and operation phases, he noted.
According to Đỗ Thanh Bái from the Chemical Society of Việt Nam, industries that would most benefit from the TPP such as textiles, footwear and electronics were the most harmful sectors to the environment because they use many toxic chemicals.
Bái underlined the need to carefully select investors that use environmentally friendly technologies.
Việt Nam has joined and negotiated 15 FTAs so far, with the TPP officially signed in October last year after five years of negotiation. — VNS