A view of Formosa Hà Tĩnh, a foreign-invested company which reported a huge loss in 2019. — Photo cafef.vn
HÀ NỘI — Inspections against transfer pricing will be increased as per a proposal by the Ministry of Finance in the context that more than half of foreign direct investment (FDI) enterprises reported losses.
According to the ministry’s recent report to the Prime Minister analysing financial reports of FDI companies, among a total of 25,054 FDI enterprises in Việt Nam as of the end of 2019, 22,603 had reported adequate data for analysis.
Statistics showed that FDI enterprises had a total revenue of VNĐ7.1 quadrillion in 2019, VNĐ720 billion higher than the previous year, with a total pretax profit of VNĐ387 trillion.
In 2019, 9,494 enterprises, or 45 per cent, reported profits worth around VNĐ518.5 trillion in total, representing an increase of 18 per cent against the previous year.
The top destinations for FDI were HCM City, Hà Nội, Thái Nguyên, Bắc Ninh, Bình Dương and Đồng Nai.
The group of FDI companies from Europe had the highest profitability while those from the Republic of Korea, Japan, Singapore, Taiwan and the British Virgin Islands had reasonable profitability.
Meanwhile, Hong Kong and China, which were in the top 10 biggest FDI investors in Việt Nam, had low profitability.
According to the Ministry of Finance, Samsung Electronics Việt Nam (SEV Bắc Ninh) and Samsung Electronics Thái Nguyên (SEV Thái Nguyên) were the two largest enterprises among 967 operating in electronics with efficient operation in Việt Nam.
SEV Bắc Ninh and SEV Thái Nguyên accounted for 48 per cent of the total revenue of FDI enterprises in the electronics industry. They reported a total pre-tax profit of VNĐ85.918 trillion.
At the other end, 12,455 FDI enterprises, or 55 per cent, reported losses worth VND131.445 trillion in 2019.
The problem was that the revenue of loss-making FDI enterprises in 2019 increased by 12.7 per cent against the previous year to VNĐ846.8 trillion.
Taiwan-invested Hưng Nghiệp Formosa Hà Tĩnh Steel Company, with had estimated assets of VNĐ286.8 trillion, reported an aggregated loss worth about VNĐ25.38 trillion in 2019.
In 2019, Formosa Hà Tĩnh reported a revenue of VNĐ72 trillion, a loss of more than VNĐ11.5 trillion which was more than four times higher than 2018. The company paid a modest sum of VNĐ51.6 billion to the State budget in 2019.
Sectors with FDI enterprises reporting increasing loss were steel and iron production, oil and gas, petrochemical production, telecommunications and software.
Notably, the finance ministry’s report showed that 14,822 FDI enterprises reported aggregated losses for many years with a total loss worth about VNĐ520.7 trillion.
Besides positive impacts of FDI brought, the ministry said that there were problems.
The ministry said that the FDI inflow mainly focused on Southeastern and Red River Delta provinces while the northern mountainous and Central Highlands provinces were not very attractive to FDI, which demonstrated that the Government’s policies to encourage the investment flow into difficult areas did not work as effectively as expected.
In addition, the capital efficiency of FDI enterprises remained low. FDI enterprises’ contribution to the State budget was not commensurate with the incentives they enjoyed with a majority of FDI enterprises reporting losses over many consecutive years.
Transfer pricing also occurred in some firms which reported losses for many years, but kept expanding production and business with increasing revenue.
In order to attract high-quality FDI flow, the finance ministry proposed incentive policies based on investment scale and location should be revised.
It was also necessary to improve the legal system and the coordination mechanism among local and central authorities in licensing and managing FDI projects.
The inspection against transfer pricing should also be increased, the ministry said.
The latest updates of the Ministry of Planning and Investment showed that Việt Nam attracted $28.5 billion worth of FDI from January 1 to December 20, a drop of 25 per cent against 2019. — VNS