Viet Nam News
HÀ NỘI – Việt Nam’s mechanical engineering industry is lagging far behind the world, meaning the Government and businesses must renovate to keep up with the fast-moving technological revolution.
This was the consensus heard at the conference ‘Implementing the development strategy for the mechanical engineering industry in the context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution’ held by the Ministry of Industry and Trade in Hà Nội on Wednesday.
A report of the Việt Nam Association of Mechanical Industry (VAMI) showed that total value of industrial production is estimated at US$50 billion, with domestic production $16 billion.
This means the domestic mechanical industry meets only 32.5 per cent of national demand, failing to meet the target of 45-50 per cent set for 2010 in the development strategy approved in 2003.
According to VAMI’s president Đào Phan Long, after 20 years of development, Việt Nam’s mechanical engineering companies are still employing technology 2.0 in equipment, work organisation, production management as well as research and development, which has led to inferior products and human resources compared to regional countries.
“Both Government and local business should hold responsibility for this backwardness,” Long said.
He said the policy system and State management for domestic mechanical engineering production was ineffective, unrealistic and incapable of protecting the domestic market. Meanwhile, local businesses have made spontaneous and extensive investments and failed to renovate technology and make market research.
The mechanical engineering industry is the backbone of the economy and supports the development of other industries, but local companies are still mainly processing structural steel frames, lacking high-value products such as electrical equipment, ships and automobile engineering.
According to mechanical specialist Nguyễn Văn Thụ, State authorities are not fully aware of the importance of this industry. An industrialised economy cannot develop without a strong mechanical and heavy industry.
The world is standing on the brink of a new technological revolution (Industry 4.0) which will bring an upheaval in mechanical technology. This poses both challenges and opportunities for the local mechanical engineering industry.
The problem was to have a plan to invest in new production lines with state-of-the-art technology and train new mechanics and engineers to acquire new skills, Phạm Hùng, former general director of Lilama Corporation.
Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc early this year approved the industry’s development strategy, requesting the adoption of advanced technology, producing high-quality products and joining the global value chain by 2035.
This has provided a new growing momentum for the industry, Hồ Mạnh Tuấn, deputy general director of Vietnam Engine and Agricultural Machinery Corporation (VEAM) said. However, he called for Government incentives for investment in the industry, giving priority for big and large-scale manufacturing companies.
In the first phase, priority should be given to the production of input materials such as casting, forging and steel products which help the country seize control of materials and increase the localisation rate, Tuấn said.
According to VAMI, Việt Nam needs a strategy to develop products which can compete with foreign goods such as manufacturing and assembling trucks, buses, non-standard equipment and structural steel.
Đỗ Thắng Hải, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade, said the ministry will continue to work with other agencies and sectors to study and submit to the Government new policies encouraging the industry’s development and solving difficulties for enterprises.
It will build a decree on the development of the mechanical engineering industry, collaborating with the business community and associations to adjust the list of key mechanical products as well as simplifying procedures for this business. – VNS