Việt Nam’s Business & Economics Research Conference 2019 is the premier Vietnamese conference for academics, policymakers, practitioners and postgraduate students. Photo courtesy of HCM City Open University
HCM CITY — Urban technological progress raises the competitive advantage of urban firms over rural firms in product market competition, and can lead to a brain drain in rural areas, Oudom Hean of Ohio State University in the US said at a conference in HCM City.
Speaking at the Việt Nam’s Business & Economics Research Conference 2019 held on July 18-20, Hean explained that technological progress in both urban and rural areas increases productivity and leads to higher wages.
However, according to Hean, such progress has a mixed impact on rural areas. “Progress in urban technology also exerts an ambiguous effect, a brain drain, on the rural labour market."
The innovative urban region offers higher wages, leading to out-migration from the rural region, and out-migration leads to lower rural human capital and reduced unemployment for rural workers.
Without fully accounting for these adverse effects, policies aimed at increasing regional employment by technological advancement might have undesirable outcomes.
Policymakers need to consider these effects carefully to avoid unintended consequences.
Võ Thành Tâm of the University of Economics in HCM City said that Industry 4.0 was gaining pace in the city and country. However, the workforce, especially in manufacturing, still had limitations in qualifications and skills, and was unable to keep up with new trends.
Research by Tâm and his colleague has shown that employees' cognitive, social and behavioural skills are very important for employers, but many employees in the country lack this skill set.
The three-day conference is also featuring research in finance, corporate governance, labour economics, foreign direct investment and trade, energy economics and others.
Research works are conducted by scholars from domestic and foreign universities, research centres and departments.
The conference is being held by HCM City Open University with the key theme "Việt Nam’s Place in the Asia Pacific Region”. —VNS