Viet Nam News
HCM CITY — The HCM City People’s Court yesterday sentenced Phạm Công Danh, the former chairman of the board of Việt Nam Construction Bank (VNCB), to 20 years in prison for “deliberately violating State regulations on economic management, causing severe consequences” at VNCB.
The court said that Danh bore the major responsibility for VNCB’s VNĐ6.1 trillion loss (US$274 million), which caused a negative impact on the banking system.
During his first trial earlier this year in a related case, the HCM City People’s Court sentenced him to 30 years on charges of wrongdoing and violations of banking rules, accusing him of “violating the lending regulations of credit institutions” and “deliberately violating State regulations on economic management causing severe consequences”.
Although the court yesterday sentenced him to 20 years, it decided to choose the maximum sentence of 30 years that was handed down in the earlier trial.
In that trial, the court said Danh had illegally withdrawn more than VNĐ9 trillion (US$404 million), the biggest such loss in the country’s banking sector.
The court yesterday told Danh that he must pay compensation of VNĐ745 billion ($33.5 million) to Sacombank and TP Bank.
Apart from Danh, the court yesterday sentenced Trầm Bê, the former deputy chairman of Sacombank, to four years in prison for his involvement in the VNĐ1.8 trillion ($81 million) loss of VNCB.
He was charged with “deliberately violating State regulations on economic management, causing severe consequences”.
“Trầm Bê clearly knew that chairman Danh could not borrow money from VNCB to pay his debt, but Bê still instructed his staff to give money to Danh’s six companies,” the court said.
Other defendants yesterday included Phan Thành Mai, former general director of VNCB, who received 10 years in jail; Phan Huy Khang, former general director of Sacombank, who got three years; and Mai Hữu Khương, former VNCB director at Sài Gòn branch, who was sentenced to 10 years.
Abuse of power
After the State Bank of Việt Nam approved Trust Bank’s restructuring plan, Danh took over the failing bank and renamed it VNCB, according to the indictment issued by the Supreme People’s Procuracy.
Danh abused his post as chairman of the VNCB board of directors and chairman of the member’s board of the Thiên Thanh Group by instructing his staff in the group and the bank to commit a range of violations, according to the indictment.
From December 2012 to March 2014, Danh and his accomplices set up false files and committed violations related to the lending regulations of credit institutions.
Danh and the other defendants were accused of using VNCB’s money as collateral to take out loans totalling more than VNĐ6.1 trillion ($274 million) at TPBank, Sacombank and BIDV.
The borrowed money, however, was for Danh’s personal use, and he did not repay it.
VNCB was established in May 2014 by Trust Bank which operated for 23 years, with charter capital of VNĐ3 trillion ($135 million)
In mid-2014, the State Bank of Việt Nam appointed new officials to VNCB after several former top executives at the bank were arrested for allegedly violating state regulations.
Apart from VNCB, other commercial banks owned by the SBV were Ocean Bank and GP Bank.
The SBV bought the three banks for “zero đồng” due to their ailing performances and failure to meet required charter capital increases.
Apart from Danh, Trầm Bê was charged with allowing Phan Huy Khang, ex-general director of Sacombank, to give approval for Danh to borrow VNĐ1.8 trillion ($81 million) through Danh’s companies.
The support from Trầm Bê and Phan Huy Khang for Danh contributed to VNCB’s losses, according to the indictment.
Danh and his accomplices caused losses of more than VNĐ15 trillion ($675.6 million) to VNCB.
The corruption case involved the largest-ever recorded economic loss of any preceding corruption case in the country. — VNS