Hospitalisations on the rise among young people due to increasing popularity of vaping

January 06, 2023 - 08:09
The smoking rate among male students increased from 3.6 per cent to 4.3 per cent and from 1.5 per cent to 2.8 per cent in female students.


A batch of illeglally imported e-cigarettes seized by Đắk Nông Province's police in December 2022. — VNA/VNS Photo

HÀ NỘI — The use of e-cigarettes, or vaping, has been increasing among young people, leading to students experiencing psychosis, hallucinations or respiratory failure due to substances in e-cigarettes, resulting in hospitalisation.

The latest case was seven third-graders of Hà Nội's Hoàng Liệt Primary School, Hoàng Mai District, who were hospitalised for experiencing nausea, and headaches after smoking or inhaling e-cigarettes.

On November 18, three male students in grade 12 of Thanh Đa High School, HCM City's Bình Thạnh District, also showed unusual physical symptoms such as discomfort, shortness of breath, and fainting after using the e-cigarettes.

In early November, a secondary school male student was taken to the National Children's Hospital in a state of panic with difficulty breathing and convulsions after using the product.

Nguyễn Thị Thu Hương, an official from the Vietnam Tobacco Control Fund, Ministry of Health, said a recent study showed that the e-cigarette smoking rate among students in Việt Nam increased from 2.6 per cent in 2019 to 3.5 per cent in 2021.

The smoking rate among male students increased from 3.6 per cent to 4.3 per cent and from 1.5 per cent to 2.8 per cent in female students.

The percentage of students who had ever tried an e-cigarette was 7.8 per cent.

This increase in numbers is a cause for concern, especially given how easily accessible e-cigarettes are for young people.

The smoking rate among teenagers is increasing due to the emergence of new-generation cigarettes, which is changing nicotine addiction, said Nguyễn Hữu Hoàng, a lecturer from the Medical Education Centre at HCM City's University of Medicine and Pharmacy.

"E-cigarette devices that look like USB drives, pen or pen boxes are making it tough for parents to detect and keep their kids from vaping. They also make young people curious and excited by their eye-catching, fashionable and modern designs," Hoàng told the Lao động (Labour) newspaper.

As well as easy access, different levels of nicotine and diverse flavours have made e-cigarettes attractive, increasing the risk of addiction.

Studies show that new-generation e-cigarettes change smoking rates among youth under 18, making it necessary to implement more measures to prevent and reduce the usage of e-cigarettes.

At a recent workshop to share research results on tobacco use among students aged 13-15 in Việt Nam, Deputy Minister of Health Trần Văn Thuấn said the increase of new tobacco products such as e-cigarettes also hindered prevention. It remained easy for people to get access to cigarette products which were sold widely across the country.

Trần Thị Trang, Deputy Director of the Legal Affairs Department at the Ministry of Health, said the ministry has proposed banning all new tobacco products, in line with the trend in regional countries and the world.

Deputy Director of the HCM City's Market Management Department, Nguyễn Tiến Đạt, affirmed that at present, there are no regulations regarding licensing cigarette sales at stores.

In 2020-2021, as the COVID-19 pandemic is still raging, the unit discovered many violations related to new-generation tobacco products.

In 2022 alone, 940 new-generation tobacco-related products were discovered.

In early November, police in Tam Nông District, Phú Thọ Province, apprehended a man in possession of synthetic drugs in the form of e-cigarettes.

He confessed to purchasing e-cigarettes and e-liquids via social networks for local consumption.

All seized e-liquids contained the ADB-Butinaca, an ingredient in some synthetic cannabis products.

In September, police in Hà Nội's Nam Từ Liêm District also discovered a group of illegal drug dealers. They bought e-cigarettes, and dried herbs, adding e-liquids containing ADB-Butinaca.

The Hà Nội Police recommends that parents take time to care for, listen to their children, and observe their children's activities as co-ordinate with schools to learn more about activities and relationships of children to early found abnormal signs.

It is necessary to contact a doctor or psychologist for support if needed.

Schools should coordinate with competent agencies to organise drug testing to detect students using illegal drugs. — VNS