Việt Nam's economy is forecast to grow this year. — Photo baotintuc.vn
HÀ NỘI — Many economists have said the Vietnamese economy is set to speed up this year.
Việt Nam's economy grew quite slowly due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic last year, but many experts have said the country’s economy is like a coiled spring, just waiting for the opportunity to bounce back.
Therefore, the Government has set a growth target of 6.5 per cent for this year, twice the growth rate of last year. This is a big challenge as the pandemic is still complex, there are many risks related to trade conflicts between major economies and global political instability.
However, Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyễn Chí Dũng said there were still many opportunities that Việt Nam could seize to grow strongly.
They include opportunities from new-generation free trade agreements (FTAs), opportunities from digital transformation, e-commerce and the formation of new industries and business models.
The minister said that Việt Nam could enjoy a high growth rate this year and in 2021-2025 if the country could fully utilise these opportunities and overcome the internal difficulties of the economy.
World organisations have also tipped Việt Nam's economy to speed up again after 2020.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) forecast that the Vietnamese economy will grow by 6.3 per cent this year; the United Overseas Bank (UOB) predicted the economy to grow 7.1 per cent and HSBC even gave a figure of up to 8.1 per cent.
According to HSBC, Việt Nam's economy will benefit from the technology-led recovery and consistent foreign direct investment inflows.
Nguyễn Xuân Thành, a senior lecturer at Fulbright University Việt Nam, said with the above predictions, a recovery was expected from the second quarter of this year.
The country had signed new-generation FTAs to expand economic space, he said.
This was very important for foreign investors, who believed in Việt Nam's potential and market, to continue to look to the country, he added.
Once capital flows had shifted to Việt Nam, it was inevitable the Vietnamese economy would bounce back, not only this year but also in the next five years, he noted.
According to investment funds, Việt Nam will be the number one destination in Southeast Asia this year, in which the leading role of capital flows is likely to belong to investors from Europe.
Although European investors approach development opportunities in Asia more slowly than the US and other countries in the region, they recently realised that Southeast Asia, the only region with 5 - 6 per cent growth (before the COVID-19 pandemic), gives them huge benefits.
Therefore, many private investment funds in Southeast Asia began to attract European money and a series of new funds in Southeast Asia with direct capital contribution from European investors have been established.
In addition, traditional investment from South Korea, Japan, Thailand and Singapore is also a lever to help Việt Nam's economy grow this year. These capital flows are continuing to pour into Việt Nam.
Meanwhile, some said the digital transformation that started last year would continue to be accelerated this year, opening up opportunities for the economy, especially domestic enterprises.
In addition, 14 out of 16 FTAs officially took effect, opening up large export markets this year, with 59 tariff lines reduced to zero, creating special conditions for agricultural, forestry and fishery exports. — VNS