|A branch of the Việt Nam Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development in Yên Bái Province. The State Bank of Việt Nam was drafting an amended circular which would allow more loans to be restructured. — VNA/VNS Photo Hải Quân|
HÀ NỘI — The State Bank of Việt Nam is drafting amendments to a circular that restructures repayment periods, waives and reduces interest rates and fees and maintains debt classification to support people affected by the COVID-19 pandemic to ensure more receive the support.
According to the draft circular which was recently made public for comments, more loans could have repayments postponed until after the end of this year.
Restructuring of the repayment periods and maintaining debt classification would be provided to loans which required repayments to be made from January 31 to December 31, instead of from January 31 to three months after the Prime Minister announces the pandemic is over.
The draft circular also allows credit institutions and foreign banks’ branches to restructure repayment periods and maintain debt classification for loans disbursed from January 23 to April 24. Under Circular 01, restructuring of the repayment periods and maintaining debt classification were only provided to loans disbursed before January 23.
According to Cấn Văn Lực, chief economist of the Bank for Investment and Development of Việt Nam (BIDV), expanding loans subject to the circular’s supports was essential to ease the financial burden for companies affected by the virus.
Financial and banking expert Nguyễn Trí Hiếu expressed concerns over maintaining debt classification.
Hiếu said problems would arise if enterprises went insolvent but their debt classification stayed the same, which would not fully reflect the risks as some loans were becoming non-performing.
Hiếu said it was necessary to raise details for classifying restructured debts which were not repaid following the restructured payment periods, which would help prevent risks for the financial market and improve the efficiency of the policy.
According to the State Bank of Việt Nam, credit institutions restructured payment periods for nearly 260,000 customers with total outstanding loans of nearly VNĐ180 trillion and reduced interest rates for 421,000 customers with total outstanding loans of VNĐ1.3 quadrillion. Credit institutions also provided new loans worth VNĐ1.1 quadrillion to 240,000 customers with interest rates 0.5-2.5 percentage points per year lower than the pre-pandemic period. — VNS