The condotel market still needs detailed regulations to ensure its development is on the right track. - Photo thuongtruong.com.vn/
HÀ NỘI – Detailed regulations are needed to promote a healthy condotel market, which has been going off-track for years due to an unclear legal framework, experts have said.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment’s recent issuance of new guidelines about land use and the certification of non-residential construction works was a critical step for the development of condotels, property expert Đặng Hùng Võ said.
However, this would only solve half of the problem in the condotel market, he said.
“We need a legal framework developed by thinking about a sharing economy to promote the development of the condotel market and make tourism a spearhead industry,” Võ said.
It was not necessary to specify whether a condotel is a hotel or an apartment, Võ said, adding that this kind of management thinking was outdated.
The lack of flexibility in management would cause difficulties forming a standard legal framework for these products and cause risks of a market crash in the future, he said.
Condotels should be treated as multi-purpose real estate, he stressed, adding this did not conflict established laws.
Võ said that detailed instructions were needed to clarify ownership of land and non-residential construction works to prevent disputes between condotel developers and buyers.
In addition, different ways to operate multi-purpose real estate should be developed, Võ said, adding that it was not necessary for buyers to offer condotels to the developers to manage, nor for developers to guarantee rates for profit in return.
The key to the development of the condotel market was a legal framework which made buyers feel safe and protected, he stressed.
According to Nguyễn Chí Thanh, Deputy President of the Việt Nam Association of Realtors, the condotel market in Việt Nam has large potential in the next two decades.
Two important things for the success of condotels were the developed infrastructure and efficient management, Thanh said.
Chairman of Hừng Đông Law Firm Nguyễn Danh Huế said that the certification of condotel ownership must be transparent. It must clarify when after land ownership expires after 50-70 years, what would happen to the ownership of non-residential construction work built on that land.
Problems could also arise from a condotel which is used as a mortgage by both developers and buyers to borrow money from banks.
Experts said it would be necessary to have regulations about raising capital from real estate which is unfinished or has not been built.
Procedures for transferring ownership of unfinished condotels must also be clarified together with regulations about resolving disputes.
Condotels, a combination of a condominium and hotel, appeared in Việt Nam around five years ago and saw rapid development in 2017-18, mainly in coastal provinces and cities like Quảng Ninh, Đà Nẵng, Nha Trang and Phú Quốc Island.
However, the market stalled for two years due to the lack of detailed regulations, especially about ownership certification, which deterred buyers.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment’s new guidelines about land use and the certification of non-residential construction works came after the crash of Cocobay Đà Nẵng which was not able to pay guaranteed interest to buyers which hit the condotel market hard.
The Ministry of Construction’s statistics showed that the resort property market saw 6,697 transactions in 2019, accounting for 36.3 per cent of the total properties put on sale – the lowest sale result in the past five years. - VNS