Durian emerging as 'golden fruit' among Việt Nam's exports

March 02, 2024 - 15:11
Việt Nam has more than 110,000 ha of durian with a yearly output of nearly 850,000 tonnes.
Durian is prepared for export to China. — VNA/VNS Photo

HÀ NỘI – Việt Nam is striving to further assert its durian export position and join the billion-dollar export industry with the current advantages in hand, coupled with efforts to better the fruit quality. The country is working hard to tap the potential and expand global reach for the sector.

Statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) show that Việt Nam has more than 110,000 ha of durian with a yearly output of nearly 850,000 tonnes. The country’s major durian-growing areas include the Central Highlands with more than 52,000 ha, accounting for about 47% of the total area, the Mekong Delta region with 33,000 ha (about 30%), and the Southeast region with 21,000 ha (about 19%).

Thanks to the advantage of high selling prices and the preference of import markets, Vietnamese durian has risen to a much higher position compared to other crops such as pepper, dragon fruit, and rubber. In the last five years, the durian growing area increased by nearly 25% yearly.

Harvesting durians in Central Highlands Dak Lak province. - VNA/VNS Photo

According to Đỗ Hà Nam, Chairman of the Board of Directors and General Director of Intimex Group, crops such as coffee and pepper yield profits ranging from VNĐ200 - 300 million (US$8,100 – 12,150) per hectare/year, while durian trees generate yearly profits of VNĐ2 billion per hectare. 

There has never been an agricultural product that quickly brought in billion-dollar export revenue like durian upon entering the global market, Nam said.

Among the largest durian importers, China continues to be the most promising market for the fruit, said Nguyễn Quang Hòa, Director of Duong Vu Co., Ltd.

According to statistics from the MARD, Vietnamese durian has reached 24 markets, with the export value to China accounting for over 99% of the total export turnover of the fruit.

Enterprises forecast that in 2024 and the following years, China will continue to be the main consumer of this fruit.

The durian industry has been projected to grow by 7.2% per year in the 2019-2025 period. This is considered an opportunity for Việt Nam to sustainably develop its durian industry in the future.

Trần Thanh Nam, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, emphasised the need for durian farmers and export enterprises to ensure the quality, design, and origin of goods when exporting to China to ensure that Vietnamese durians can maintain their position in this market.

According to General Secretary of the Vietnam Vegetable and Fruit Association Đặng Phúc Nguyên, there remains a lot of room for Việt Nam to export durian to both the Chinese and the global market.

He predicted that the export turnover of the fruit could reach approximately $3.5 billion this year, compared to the figure of $2.1 billion in 2023. – VNA/VNS