|Halal products from a Vietnamese firm showcased on the sidelines of a conference in Hà Nội. — VNA/VNS Photo|
HÀ NỘI — Fluctuations in supply chains and consumer demand in some ASEAN markets, which are home to many Muslims, have created unprecedented opportunities for Vietnamese exporters, industry insiders have said.
Người Lao Động (The Labourer) newspaper reported Kelly Lương, Director of Beyond World Company, said her enterprise is teaming up with the Investment and Trade Promotion Centre of HCM City (ITPC). Together, they will organise a trip for Vietnamese businesses to Malaysia to explore the halal market and meet directly with some importers of halal products there.
After a seminar on promoting exports to the Malaysian market held in HCM City in June, many exporters looking to provide halal products to ASEAN markets contacted her company. Her firm successfully connected several Vietnamese agricultural and food processing enterprises to sell halal products to Malaysia, including big brands such as Bidrico and TH True Milk.
According to the Vietnamese ambassadors to Malaysia and Indonesia, the supply chain disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine tensions opened up unprecedented opportunities for Vietnamese exporters.
For example, Malaysia is short on chicken and rice, so it wants to expand its imports of these items from Việt Nam. Particularly for rice, the country has raised the import quota of Vietnamese rice from 520,000 tonnes to 700,000 tonnes each year, because Russia and Ukraine have stopped exporting wheat.
In terms of the Indonesian market, Trần Phú Lữ, Deputy Director of ITPC, said that this country, with a population of 270 million, is one of the lucrative import markets for Việt Nam.
Two-way trade saw a yearly increase of 40 per cent yearly to US$11.4 billion. Trade in the first seven months of 2022 surpassed $8 billion, up 23 per cent year-on-year, with seafood and coffee being items with a large export amount.
Many businesses have regarded Indonesia as an easier market than the US, Europe, and Japan. The similarity in culture, close geographical distance, and preferential tariffs within the bloc have also been named as advantages for Vietnamese goods to penetrate this market, Lữ said.
Difficult to compete on price
Despite opportunities available in the ASEAN halal food market, Vietnamese exporters have to date exported only a small amount of halal products to some countries in the region.
Nguyễn Ngọc Luận, Founder and CEO of Meet More Coffee, told Người Lao Động that his company had yet to receive orders to export agricultural products to ASEAN markets such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei.
Luận said it was difficult for his firm and buyers of such countries to find a common voice. In addition to the requirement for halal certification and a separate production line for halal products, the two sides had to agree on the selling price.
Vietnamese enterprises lag behind some neighbouring countries, such as Thailand, in deep processing technology, so it was hard for them to compete on price. Although the ASEAN halal market has much potential, his enterprise would conquer the regional market only after it successfully penetrated markets far away, such as the US and the EU.
Meanwhile, a seafood processing enterprise director in HCM City also said he had not found an opportunity to sell goods to halal markets in ASEAN despite successfully exporting to the Middle East for many years.
The director, who wanted to be anonymous, blamed this unsatisfactory performance on the fact that ASEAN countries had many similarities in products, so Vietnamese goods did not have a competitive advantage in price.
Trương Tiến Dũng, Standing Vice Chairman of the Food and Foodstuff Association of HCM City, said most Indonesian and Malaysian buyers want Vietnamese businesses to build new factories to produce goods for them, as these importers are not satisfied with the current separate production line for halal products in domestic enterprises' factories.
However, it was not feasible for Vietnamese enterprises to invest in a separate factory to serve small orders when they take the first steps to penetrate new markets, Dũng said.
Trần Việt Thái, Việt Nam's Ambassador to Malaysia, urged the enterprises to have specific strategies to enter this halal market from consulting, training, cooperation and investment.
Thái also said Việt Nam needs a unified agency to head the halal market. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development could propose to the Government to build this agency, making it easier for ambassadors to connect. — VNS