|Industry 4.0 was driving a boom of digital and virtual assets, requiring regulations to be raised to ensure its on-track development and management of asset ownership rights. — Photo laodong.vn|
HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam needs to develop regulations about digital and virtual assets as Industry 4.0 is driving the emergence of new assets and the lack of rules exists is one of the most significant legal problems in asset ownership rights.
Currently, digital and virtual assets have not been recognised as property in Việt Nam.
Experts said that the existing legal framework of Việt Nam was encountering difficulties in tolerating new types of assets in the Industry 4.0 era.
Lê Thuý Nga from the Institute of Legal Science pointed out that Việt Nam had not had a legal corridor to identify the owners and transactions of assets of new technology applications.
This caused uncertainty in protecting individuals' rights or interests in the holding, transferring, and inheritance of crypto assets, especially in cases of protection against theft or expropriation.
The Law on Corporate Income Tax and the Law on Personal Income Tax were not applicable for transactions of crypto assets, Nga said.
Due to the lack of a clear legal framework, tax authority could not collect taxes from investing and trading in crypto assets, while it also confused managing other sectors such as opening cryptocurrency exchanges or launching initial coin offerings to raise capital.
Nga said that the lack of regulation, together with low awareness of residents about virtual assets and cryptocurrency, also recently led to an explosion of fraudulent activities. The confusion between the concepts of cryptocurrency and digital assets also caused problems in State management.
From a legal perspective, Nga said that cryptocurrency was not recognised as a legal currency and payment method in Việt Nam, adding that it was necessary to have regulations clearly distinguish cryptocurrency from electronic assets.
Experts said that the biggest legal problem with asset ownership in the context of the Industry 4.0 lay in the fact that there were no rules that clarify digital assets.
At the third session of the 15th National Assembly in June, Governor of the State Bank of Việt Nam Nguyễn Thị Hồng said that it was necessary to clarify electronic money, cryptocurrency and virtual assets.
Hồng said that electronic money was an electronic store of monetary value on a technical device, adding that the decree about cashless payment was being amended to clarify this definition.
Like bitcoin, Hồng said, cryptocurrency and virtual assets had not been recognised as legal currencies issued by central banks. These currencies were only identified in specific communities such as gaming or technology.
Each country had a different way of managing virtual currency. For Việt Nam, relevant ministries and agencies were studying the legal framework for cryptocurrency. — VNS