Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Phạm Bình Minh speaks at the meeting. — VNA/VNS Photo
HÀ NỘI — Vietnamese Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Phạm Bình Minh on May 8 attended the United Nations Security Council’s high-level video meeting with the theme “75 years from the end of the Second World War on European Soil – lessons learned for preventing future atrocities, responsibility of the Security Council".
Minh’s attendance at the session was made at the invitation of Foreign Minister Urmas Reinsalu of Estonia which holds the presidency of the United Nations Security Council in May 2020. The session also saw the participation of 48 foreign ministers and representatives of UN member nations.
In his speech, Minh said 75 years ago, the deadliest war in human history ended, but only after having caused untold suffering to hundreds of millions of people around the world.
The defeat of the fascists and aggressors in the Second World War, and indeed in all wars and conflicts, proved that actions driven by expansionism, militarism and the thirst for conquest and dominance can never bend the will of nations to fight for their independence and freedom, he said.
It also demonstrated that no force can triumph over the burning desire of nations for peace and the shared values of humanity.
“For Việt Nam, the end of World War II helped bring a new beginning, as the nation emerged independent, after nearly a century under colonialism,” Minh stressed.
According to the official, rising from the ashes of World War II, nations have come together to rebuild a more peaceful, stable and prosperous world.
At the center of these efforts emerged a collective security system anchored in the UN Charter and international law.
He went on to say that: “Unfortunately, the end of the Second World War did not mean that peace was guaranteed. Colonialism and aggression continued to wreak havoc on nations. Việt Nam, for one, suffered decades of devastating wars before our final victory in gaining independence, unification and peace.”
“Therefore, given the lessons learnt from the World War II and from our own history, Việt Nam believes strongly that upholding international law, strengthened solidarity, cooperation and mutual trust on a global scale must underline our efforts to preserve the hard-won peace and stability in all parts of the world.”
The principles of the Charter, particularly those of sovereign equality, territorial integrity, non-use of force and peaceful settlement of disputes, have proven to be pivotal in preventing another disastrous world war and maintaining sustainable peace, he said
This was echoed at the Security Council earlier this year, as the Council itself “reaffirmed its commitment to an international order based on international law as the indispensable foundation of a more peaceful, prosperous and just world,” Minh said.
In Asia, the success of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in turning Southeast Asia from a war-torn and deeply divided region into a region of friendship and cooperation is a powerful example, he said, adding that it also highlights the crucial role of regional organizations in maintaining peace, security and stability in the region and beyond.
On this occasion, Minh paid tribute to those who fought and sacrificed in Europe, Asia and Africa, and the people of the former Soviet Union.
He also quoted President Hồ Chí Minh’s words as saying that: “The people everywhere love peace, and they hate wars. People everywhere wants to live in independence and freedom.”
“We continue to believe that our common human aspiration for peace, freedom and justice, and our determination to defend our independence, sovereignty and territory, will prevail over confrontation, the use of force and attempts for domination and conquest,” Minh concluded. — VNS