HoSE’s trading system, which has remained mostly unchanged for the last 20 years, has been overwhelmed after a huge number of new investors began trading in recent months. — Photo tinnhanhchungkhoan.vn
HÀ NỘI — Despite chronic overloading on the Hồ Chí Minh Stock Exchange recently, a series of stocks are still making their way to the main bourse in March, putting more pressure on the exchange.
Southeast Asia Commercial Joint Stock Bank (SeAbank) has been approved to list its 1.2 billion shares on the bourse on March 24, equivalent to charter capital of VNĐ12 trillion (US$520 million).
SeABank shares on the over-the-counter market are being traded at around VNĐ14,400 (62 US cents) apiece.
HoSE last week also gave the green light for 15.18 million shares of Vnsteel - Vicasa Joint Stock Company to list on the bourse.
Nearly 1.1 billion shares of Orient Commercial Joint Stock Bank (OCB) had also got approval in the last days of 2020. They were officially listed on the southern bourse since January 28.
HoSE’s trading system, which has remained mostly unchanged for the last 20 years, has been overwhelmed after a huge number of new investors began trading in recent months. Many complain about the overload trouble while they are placing orders, especially in the afternoon when trading value rises to VNĐ15 trillion ($652 million).
Market regulators need to work with HOSE to solve congestion, said General Director Trịnh Hoài Giang of HCM City Securities Corporation (HSC).
“It is time for the regulator to re-organise listed stocks according to their capitalisation as the group of large and medium stocks accounted for a trading value of 85-90 per cent,” he said.
“However, the number of transaction orders for small stocks is huge. Therefore, we should send the entire group of small stocks to the Hà Nội Stock Exchange as a temporary solution. We should only consider the plan to increase the minimum trading lot if the congestion problem still does not end.”
“Regarding increasing the minimum trading lot, it is not advisable to do it simultaneously but to divide stocks based on market price. For stocks with a market price below VNĐ20,000 per share, the lot can be increased from 100 to 1,000, while for stocks with higher market prices, the lot should be kept at 100.”
Some companies have volunteered to move their shares from HoSE to HNX following the instruction of the State Securities Comm (SSC) to alleviate system overloads that have troubled traders.
They included VNDirect Securities Corporation, BIDV Securities JSC (BSC) and PAN Group (PAN), while a number of other securities companies agreed to change the floor to reduce the load on HOSE's trading system.
VietinBank Securities Company and Agribank Securities Company said that they supported this exchange switching plan but they must submit the switching process to the shareholders during the General Meeting of Shareholders, expected to be held in April this year.
“Transferring to HNX is a temporary plan to help mitigate congestion on HOSE,” said Tạ Thanh Bình, Director of Market Development Department under the State Securities Commission.
“When the new trading system is fixed, these shares will return to HoSE. The transfer from HOSE to HNX will not change the listing standards as well as the quality of the transferred shares,” she said.
“Some Singapore funds have sold out recently partly due to concerns about the errors on the trading system of HoSE,” said Quản Trọng Thành, director of market analysis and institutional investors at Maybank Kim Eng Securities (MBKE).
“These funds themselves have a great position on the global market, in the context of global volatility and concerns about inflation, they need to prepare to withdraw capital in time. Due to recent worries over HoSE system problems, they decided to sell first to ensure capital flow.
“If there is no problems of system congestion, it is likely that they will not decide to sell early because of the promising economic outlook of Việt Nam and stable profit growth of the businesses,” he said.
“Trading congestion is different from traffic congestion, as in the former if orders cannot be placed, the opportunity is lost and will not come back again,” said Lê Ngọc Nam, Deputy General Director of Tân Việt Securities Company.
“Securities companies can not only not collect fees but also face the risk of being sued by investors. Their revenues are not only sourced from fees for transactions, but also from margin lending fees and other services,” Nam said.
“If securities companies cannot collect fees, the exchange will also lose revenue,” he said.
Liquidity on HoSE could have reached an average of VNĐ20 trillion per session if no congestion happened, higher than the current average of VNĐ15 trillion.
As HOSE collects 0.027 per cent of the transaction value from both buying and selling sides, it is estimated to have lost VNĐ2.84 billion in fees every day due to congestion, assuming an average value transaction of VNĐ20 trillion per day, Nam said. — VNS