|A majority of fintech companies in Việt Nam operate in payment service. — Photo laodong.vn|
HÀ NỘI — The regulatory sandbox for financial technology (fintech) which is expected to be created this year, coupled with efforts to promote the use of digital financial services, are expected to accelerate the development of fintech in Việt Nam.
Governor of the State Bank of Việt Nam Nguyễn Thị Hồng recently said that the central bank would focus on creating favourable conditions for fintech development this year in a bid to boost the digital economy.
Việt Nam saw strong fintech development in 2020, partly fuelled by the COVID-19 pandemic which forced people to shift to cashless payments.
According to the recent Vietnam Fintech Report 2020 by Fintech News Singapore, the strong development of fintech in Việt Nam was driven by the rapid growth of e-commerce platforms and the Government’s efforts to accelerate digital transformation and cashless payments to cope with the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Statistics showed that electronic payments in Việt Nam increased by 76 per cent with the total transaction value increasing by 124 per cent in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period of 2019.
The visits to e-commerce apps reached 12.7 million in the second quarter of 2020 when social distancing was imposed, representing a rise of 43 per cent.
The report also pointed out that the number of fintech start-up firms in Việt Nam increased nearly three times, from 44 in 2017 to 120 in 2020.
About 31 per cent of them operated in payments, 17 per cent in peer-to-peer lending and 13 per cent in blockchain/crypto while the rest were in wealth management, comparison, data/credit/scoring management, crowdfunding, insurtech, digital banking and SMEs financing.
The report said that international investors were optimistic about the potential of Việt Nam’s fintech market and had poured millions of dollars into domestic fintech start-ups. However, the investment was mostly disbursed in 2019.
Major deals were VNPay raising $300 million from Softbank’s Vision Fund and Singapore’s GIC fund and Momo raising $100 million in its Series funding C round from Warburg Pincus.
Key players in the e-wallet market were MoMo, Payoo, Moca, Zalo Pay and Viettel Pay while three outstanding companies in B3B were VNPay, Trusting Social and Kilimo Finance.
The central bank was focusing on promoting digital transformation in the banking sector and developing the legal framework for fintech, including regulations about eKYC, mobile money and cross-border money transfers.
A regulatory sandbox for fintech was also expected to be submitted to the Government this year.
Trần Việt Vĩnh, founder of Fiin Financial Technology Innovation Joint Stock Company, said that the regulatory sandbox when issued would create an impetus for the development of new fintech services, which would bring more convenience to users.
Vĩnh said that fintech companies should prepare for participation in the sandbox while diversifying their products and services.
According to Nguyễn Bá Diệp, deputy chairman of e-wallet Momo, the cooperation between banks and fintech companies was of significant importance to create benefits and value for users, adding that this was also an important factor for fintech development in 2021. — VNS