Air freight costs stymie fruit exports

May 09, 2018 - 09:00

Vietnamese air freight costs are much higher than the regional average and this is believed to be the main reason for Việt Nam’s low fruit exports.

High air freight costs stymie VN efforts to export fruits. --
Viet Nam News

HCM City – Vietnamese air freight costs are much higher than the regional average and this is believed to be one of the main reasons hindering Việt Nam’s fruit exports.

“We mostly export fresh mango, logan, litchi and dragon fruit to demanding markets like Australia, Japan and South Korea by air because such fruits cannot be sent by sea,” Đàm Quang Thắng, general director of Agrice Việt Nam company, told Thanh Niên (Youth) newspaper.

Thắng said his company has to use Thai, Malaysian and Singaporean airlines because their cost “is half or one third their Vietnamese counterparts’”. Thắng said.

For each kilogramme of fruit worth US$1, his company pays $2-3 in freight, he revealed.

“We pay $2.9-3.2 for a kilogramme [if the consignment is] less than 1,000kg when shipping to Europe by Vietnamese carriers but only $1.2 – 1.8 with Thai carriers.”

His company had lost South Korean several orders to Thai rivals because of price, he said.

Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng, general director of Nafoods Group, said: “The high air freight cost is the biggest hurdle to the development of Vietnamese fruit exports.”

Due to the high cost, his company can only export around 1,000 tonnes of passion fruit, he said.

“If we can reduce transportation costs, we can sharply increase our quantity.”

The issue was raised by Tạ Đức Minh, Vietnamese commercial counsellor in Japan, at a ministry meeting held last February to discuss boosting fruit exports.

Vietnamese fruits cost more in Japan than those from faraway Thailand and Ecuador because their freight costs are much lower, Minh said.

Due to the high logistics costs, Vietnamese fruits are now exported only to Japan, South Korea and China.

Even large companies can only export a few thousand tonnes of fruits a year to more distant markets like America and Europe, according to a senior official in the Ministry of Industry and Trade’s American and European markets department.

“Fresh fruits can only be exported by air, and logistics account for a big chunk of their price,” Nguyễn Quốc Toản, head of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s agricultural product processing and market development department, said.

“High air freight costs are limiting the competitiveness of Vietnamese fruits in the international market.” -- VNS