A factory of a mechanical engineering enterprise in Quảng Ninh Province's Hạ Long City. — Photo cokhitienmanh.vn
HÀ NỘI — Domestic mechanical engineering enterprises should strengthen cooperation to improve competitiveness and gain more market share, industry experts have suggested.
Nguyễn Quang Hiếu, general director of PetroVietnam Marine Shipyard JSC (PV Shipyard), told Nhân Dân (The People) newspaper that there were enormous opportunities for mechanical engineering firms to tap into the lucrative local market with a scale of up to billions of dollars.
Hiếu cited offshore wind power projects as a good example. He said Vietnamese enterprises could produce offshore wind turbine foundations. Even a small-scale wind power project comprises about 30-40 turbines, and its turbine foundation system would need an estimated 300,000 tonnes of equipment.
With each tonne equivalent to US$4,000, including the cost of materials, on average, there would be about $1.2 billion worth of market share for local mechanical engineering enterprises, Hiếu said.
Đào Phan Long, chairman of Việt Nam Association of Mechanical Industry (VAMI), agreed. He said the domestic mechanical engineering enterprises enjoyed relatively abundant development potential.
In the past 5-10 years, Việt Nam has spent about $40 billion each year importing equipment and machinery from abroad to serve the entire economic sector, including industrial production, agriculture, infrastructure construction, services and national security. This is a large demand that not many countries have, according to Long.
The country will also implement many essential and large-scale projects, such as the National Power Development Plan for 2021-30, Long Thành International Airport and inner-city railways, traffic works and irrigation, which means the local mechanical market remains lucrative, according to industry experts.
However, domestic mechanical engineering, mostly small and medium-sized, has failed to gain a larger share of the domestic mechanical market due to their limited financial capacities, lack of equipment, poor linkages between companies and insufficient supportive policies from the Government.
General Director of LILAMA Corporation Lê Văn Tuấn said mechanical engineering was a key industrial sector and the backbone of national development. However, enterprises still had to find their way to develop due to the lack of a Government resolution for the industry.
Increasing connectivity a must
To gain a larger market share, Hiếu from PV Shipyard said businesses should draw up an effective investment plan focusing on high connectivity.
For example, to manufacture large structural equipment such as offshore wind turbine foundations, it is necessary for a mechanical engineering firm to build a large factory which also comprises a deep-water port and has modern machines installed. Each factory must have capital ranging from $30-50 million.
Meanwhile, the capital shortage was a major weakness of most local mechanical engineering businesses. So they needed to enhance their cooperation to create strength, Hiếu said.
To deal with the issue, Hiếu said, his company would team up with other businesses with sufficient financial capacities, working in similar areas while using projects as mortgages to get bank loans.
Besides closer links among enterprises, an overall development strategy for the industry was also vital, Deputy Chairman and General Secretary of VAMI Nguyễn Chỉ Sáng said.
Preferential and protective policies of the State had not met the expectations of the industry, Sáng said, adding that VAMI would submit the Government for opinions on the issuance of the Law on Mechanical Engineering.
"When everything was legalised, the Government's support policies for the industry would be implemented," Sáng said.
Earlier, VAMI forecast the total demand of the domestic mechanical market to reach an estimated $300 billion by 2030. The need for machinery and equipment for industrial projects such as thermal power, hydroelectricity, chemical, mining and mineral processing is about $120 billion.
Việt Nam has signed many trade agreements, and multinational companies are expanding to find joint venture partners and set up production factories in Việt Nam. The trend of moving supply chains is a great opportunity for many businesses, including the mechanical engineering industry.
Việt Nam is home to about 25,000 operational mechanical engineering enterprises, accounting for nearly 30 per cent of enterprises in the country's processing and manufacturing industry, according to the Ministry of Industry and Trade's Department of Industry. — VNS