Việt Nam’s economic engine HCM City has the country’s lowest fertility rate of 1.53, according to the Ministry of Health’s latest report in June.
The HCM City Division of Population and Family Planning has proposed several policies that would help reduce child-raising costs for married couples and encourage them to have more than one child.
Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc has approved a birth rate adjustment programme towards 2030 which encourages people to get married before the age of 30 and women to give birth to the second child before they get 35 years old.
HCM City is encouraging families to have three children as the birth rate has dropped to 1.33 children per women of reproductive age in the city.
In the first nine months of this year, the sex ratio at birth in Ha Noi stood at 110.5 boys to 100 girls, a decrease from 2018 when it was 113.5:100.