A corner of Cát Lái Port in HCM City. — VNA/VNS Photo Tiến Lực
HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam’s logistics service industry is preparing infrastructure and techniques to grasp opportunities from the Europe-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) to attract foreign investors with a wave of factories.
Insiders predict that the agreement would be a lever for Việt Nam to receive foreign direct investment (FDI) capital sources from European countries, bringing many advantages for the local logistics service in the future.
Many businesses have been developing and expanding industrial parks in cities and provinces nationwide, including HCM City, the southern provinces of Bình Dương, Long An, Đồng Nai and Bà Rịa - Vũng Tàu and northern localities.
Việt Nam’s industrial real estate market has become busy with the increase of land lease contracts and factories concentrated in industrial parks and provinces with deep-water seaports across the country. Therefore, this increase will lead to a greater supply of logistics transport services in the country.
Experts said that this is understandable because manufacturing enterprises are still leaving China due to the impact from COVID-19, as well as trade conflicts with the US and manufacturers' strategies to minimise reliance on one market. This gives Việt Nam an opportunity to become a new global production hub and an essential foundation for the strong development of logistics services.
In this trend, authorities in the central province of Hà Tĩnh have recently approved a plan for logistics centre development and Sơn Dương Port service at Vũng Áng Economic Zone.
The 159ha logistics centre is located behind Sơn Dương Port to become an important link in the supply chain connecting the Sơn Dương-Vũng Áng port complex with other areas. This location is not only a key logistics centre of the province, but also a hub in the central region connecting with the East-West Economic Corridor and serving international trade activities.
Meanwhile, the major city of Hải Phòng, the largest import and export gateway to the northern region of Việt Nam, has also conducted planning on a logistics service system in the city. In 2019, cargo transported via this port reached nearly 130 million tonnes.
Authorities in the southern province of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu early this week rolled out a plan to spend VNĐ20 trillion (US$850 million) from now through 2025 on infrastructure to achieve their goal of comprehensive development. In which it has a master plan including 69 ports, of which 48 are operational with a capacity of more than 141 million tonnes a year. The total area of the specialised warehousing in the plan is 2,312ha, and the current availability is around 224ha.
According to Bùi Lê Anh Hiếu, Marketing Director of Long Hậu Joint Stock Company, which is the owner of Long Hậu Industrial Park (IP) in the southern province of Long An, the demand of warehouses will sharply increase after the EVFTA comes into effect.
“The Long Hậu IP has attracted many businesses building warehouses, and all has been operating well. We have earmarked a large area in the Long Hậu IP 3 to wait for foreign investors after the EVFTA,” Hiếu said.
“Recently, we received a lot of attention from investors in building cold storage and warehouses, so the EVFTA will likely cause a shortage of warehouses in the future,” he added.
Marko Walde, Chief Representative of the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Vietnam (AHK Vietnam), said Việt Nam is Germany's second largest trading partner in Asia with more than 4,000 German businesses exporting to this country. However, in order to promote the attraction of FDI from Europe, one of the important factors is to prepare high quality labour force and skilled workers for manufacturing and logistics.
He said this is also a big challenge for Việt Nam today when the number of high-quality workers is not sufficient to meet the actual needs. Việt Nam needs to strengthen vocational training centres and courses to adapt to modern production lines that require expertise and skills.
Nguyễn Tường, Deputy General Secretary of Vietnam Logistics Association (VLA), said logistics enterprises currently lack technology manpower while foreign logistics enterprises do not have advantages in warehousing.
“Therefore, to compete fairly at home, the Vietnamese logistics industry must make more efforts in administration and order management, especially with the Government’s support to have a specific roadmap for logistics reform,” Tường said.
He also said that it’s needed to select a number of reputable businesses in shipping and logistics services, who will receive the Government’s specific policies to set up a long-term strategy such as tax, interest rate reduction and support for loans.
"The Government should call on other industries to support this industry. Along with that, it is necessary to develop railway transportation in logistics activities.” — VNS