Farmers in Hậu Giang Province transport sugar cane after harvesting. VNA/ VNS Photo Duy Khương
HÀ NỘI — The sugar industry will have greater development opportunities if it can re-organise itself more effectively, Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc said at a meeting on Tuesday.
At the Cabinet meeting in Hà Nội, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development reported that the sugar and sugarcane industry are suffering numerous difficulties.
In the 2018-19 crop, 17 of 38 firms faced the risk of losing equity. Prices of sugarcane material declined by VNĐ100,000–200,000 per tonne to VNĐ700,000–800,000 per tonne, equivalent to production costs. Meanwhile, seven sugar mills have suspended operations, and only four or five factories are running effectively.
On January 1 this year, Việt Nam removed the tariff rate quota on sugar imports under the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA). Many countries around the world have also provided price subsidies for this commodity, so sugar import prices are very cheap. Meanwhile, Vietnamese businesses almost do not have any markets to export sugar to due to other countries’ protectionist policies, according to the ministry.
PM Phúc said the sugar industry had yet to be drastic enough in re-organising itself amid the country’s intensive integration into the world.
He noted Việt Nam was a member of not only ATIGA but also 12 other free trade agreements. Additionally, climate change has resulted in a drought in sugarcane farming areas, regulations on sugar imports remain unsuitable and the sector’s restructuring and sci-tech application have yet to come to fruition, not to mention the problem of trade fraud.
The sector needed to be well aware of these challenges to align production with the market, he said, believing that development for the sugar sector was still ahead if it can carry out effective re-organisation.
This year, the world’s sugar industry might contract while sugar demand and prices might increase. This was an opportunity for the Vietnamese sector to restructure, the PM noted.
He suggested domestic businesses find development chances in by-products to produce electricity, plywood, ethanol and fertiliser to create more added value.
The Government leader stressed the sugar industry must be ready to compete, asking businesses to restructure and accept being eliminated if they perform poorly.
The State would have support measures, but it wouldn't subsidise the sugar industry. The sector must compete fairly amid international integration, PM Phúc said.
At the meeting, he agreed on the Việt Nam Sugarcane and Sugar Association’s proposal to assign agencies to carry out trade remedies that don’t run counter to international rules to fight the dumping of sugar products while enhancing the fight against sugar smuggling and trade fraud. — VNS