Viet Nam News
HCM CITY — Foreign direct investment (FDI) in HCM City is dwindling and cannot continue to drive the economy, the head of the city’s Department of Planning and Investment has said.
According to figures from the department, this year, 527 FDI projects have registered but their combined capital is just US$498 million.
In the same period last year, there had been 428 FDI projects worth $743 million.
The five biggest projects this year have capital of $25–70 million each, while there are several worth just $2,200-3,000.
“These tiny sums of money from FDI projects cannot contribute anything to the city but we cannot refuse them,” Sử Ngọc Anh, director of the department, was quoted as saying by Thanh Niên (Young People) newspaper.
Nguyễn Thành Phong, chairman of the city People’s Committee, has expressed concerns many times about the size of the companies.
He has instructed related authorities to review the business environment and find out why the city cannot attract large FDI projects or if there are any challenges that scare away investors.
Dr Đinh Thế Hiển, director of the Institute of Information and Economic Research, said in the past the city had attracted FDI in infrastructure and property, where the sums involved are often very large.
“In recent years, it has become difficult [for the property industry] to find clear land in HCM City,” he said.
“In fact, the city is facing challenges in finding lands for setting up plants and other production facilities.
“There are many investors who would like to invest large amounts in production with huge plants but it is not easy to find large tracts of land in HCM City, and they have other choices in neighbouring provinces like Bình Dương, Đồng Nai, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu, and Long An.”
The city has set its sights on the high-tech industry but has not attracted any major investors after the Intel plant, which set up a $1 billion facility at the Sài Gòn High-tech Park.
Hiển said: “It is hard for HCM City to attract large foreign investments if it retains its old attraction for real estate and manufacturing instead of infrastructure and technology.”
He said the city should consider the efficiency of a project rather than its investment.
“We have seen many ‘huge’ projects that required a lot of land but did not work well resulting in bad consequences for the city,” he added.
Land availability bottleneck
Đỗ Nhất Hoàng, head of the Ministry of Planning and Investment’s Foreign Investment Department, said investors normally need three to four years to decide where they can invest.
“FDI inflows into HCM City are low now but can recover in the near future. However, the limited land availability is the biggest challenge for the city in attracting investment.”
Even if land is available, it is very expensive.
Hoàng pointed out that industrial investors would not prefer HCM City because land rentals are too high at around $160 per square metre per year.
“They only need to move their plants five to 10km from HCM City, and the land rental is only $50-60 per square metre. HCM City’s strengths are trading, services and high-tech industries, which do not require too much money.
“If HCM City wants to attract big investments, it must have land, infrastructure, improved human resources, research and development centres, and close links with neighbouring provinces.”
It should not pay attention to the investment size and should focus on knowledge and technology instead, he suggested.
“Knowledge and technology are the new requirements to compete in the industry 4.0 era.”
The Government recently approved the conversion of 26,000ha of agricultural lands in HCM City for use for services, industry and urban development purposes. — VNS