More farmland should be devoted to cultivation of fruit, especially key exports, experts said at a conference held in the Mekong Delta province of Tiền Giang.– Photo tiengiang.gov.vn
TIỀN GIANG – More farmland should be devoted to cultivation of fruit, especially key exports, experts said at a conference held in the Mekong Delta province of Tiền Giang.
Nguyễn Hồng Sơn, head of the Department of Crop Production under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, said on Tuesday that focus should be on quality to ensure safety and hygiene of fruit exports.
Reducing post-harvest losses and increasing capacity in storage were also needed, he said.
Sơn said that fruit cultivation areas had increased in recent years, with a total of over 857,000ha. The increase was partly due to farmers shifting from cultivating rice to fruit.
The areas for fruit growing are mostly in the Cửu Long (Mekong) Delta and Hồng (Red River) Delta regions, he said.
Because of the use of advanced technologies, fruit yields have surged in recent years.
Cao Văn Hoá, a high-ranking official from the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Tiền Giang, said his province had nearly 73,000ha of fruit, with an average of 1.3 million tonnes produced each year.
Nguyễn Thành Tài, deputy director of Đồng Tháp’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said his province had over 27,000ha of fruit cultivation, with some areas growing famous fruits like Cao Lãnh mango, Châu Thành longan and lemon, and Lai Vung mandarin.
In the 2016-17 period, local farmers switched to fruit from rice on a total of nearly 3,000ha, he added.
At the conference, speakers noted that fruit exports had yet to reach their potential even though efforts had been made to expand cultivation.
Poor storage and harvesting methods had contributed to the slow growth of fruit exports.
Võ Mai, deputy chairwoman of the Việt Nam Gardening Association, said the biggest weakness was processing, this was why 80 per cent of fruit was sold in the domestic market, with most of it consumed raw.
Mai suggested that the Government develop better management methods. Each fruit should have a specialised area, she said, as it would be easier to manage, process and ensure food hygiene and safety.
These areas should be developed under VietGAP and GlobalGAP standards, she added.
Conference attendees also suggested that enterprises and farmers improve cooperation to ensure large-scale production and authentic origin.
Lê Quốc Doanh, deputy minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, said that Việt Nam has many advantages to develop fruit production, but limited information about import markets was hindering growth.
He also said that prices and yields were not stable, and that competition from other markets was a significant burden.
To develop better production methods, the country needs to improve cooperation among all involved parties, and process and diversify fruit products to ensure added value.
More trade promotions are also needed to reduce the dependence on one market, he said.
In recent years, national vegetable and fruit export revenue has increased, with US$2.4 billion recorded last year, a rise of 33.6 per cent year-on-year.
This year, it is expected to be between $3.46 billion and $3.63 billion. With this figure, Việt Nam now ranks third out of five key fruit exporters in the ASEAN region.
Vietnamese fruits are exported to 60 nations and territories. The main fruit exports are dragon fruit, pipe apple, mango, jackfruit and papaya. — VNS