|A stone processing plant in Yên Bái Province. The province has a specific roadmap to improve the provincial competitiveness index. — VNA/VNS Photo Tiến Khánh|
HÀ NỘI — Northwestern localities have encountered many difficulties in improving the Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) due to unfavourable geographic location, small-scale economy, large investment requirements, and a lack of competitiveness, analysts have said.
They took Điện Biên Province as an example. In the past four consecutive years, Điện Biên's PCI ranking had a deep decline from 44th place, with 64.11 points in 2019 to 62nd place, with 59.85 points in 2022. That brought the province to the group with the lowest PCI rankings in 2022.
Among the province's indicators that saw a drop in 2022 were policy bias, transparency, informal charges and labour policy.
Bùi Mạnh Thắng, deputy director of Điện Biên Department of Planning and Investment, told vov.vn that it was difficult for a mountainous locality like Điện Biên to ensure and improve the PCI rankings despite efforts from local authorities.
But right after the PCI ranking results in 2022 were announced, the provincial People's Committee asked relevant departments and agencies to review and then find out effective solutions to improve its provincial competitiveness index, Thắng said, adding that Điện Biện was striving to better its indicators, especially in access to land and entry costs to facilitate investors.
Similar to Điên Biên, Yên Bái Province's PCI rankings in 2022 also dropped 11 places compared to that of the previous year. Last year, the province ranked 51st out of 63 provinces and cities due to five declining indicators including access to land, time costs, informal charges, policy bias and labour policy.
However, Yên Bái had three indicators with higher rankings in 2022 including business support policy, entry costs, law and order, Đoàn Hữu Phung, director of the provincial Department of Planning and Investment told vov.vn.
Phung said his province had a specific roadmap to improve the provincial competitiveness index with top priority given to improving proactivity and speeding up administrative reforms, typically in investment, land, and construction.
Meanwhile, a representative from Sơn La Department of Planning and Investment said the province has implemented drastic solutions to improve the provincial competitiveness index over the past two years, focusing on perfecting its investment environment, accelerating administrative reform and shortening the time to handle administrative procedures in the fields related to enterprises.
Out of 63 provinces and cities, Sơn La stood in 49th position in the 2022 PCI rankings. That demonstrated the endless efforts of local authorities in creating the right conditions for businesses.
Bùi Thương Hiệp, director of Sơn La based-Mường Muổi Co., agreed. He said Sơn La Province last year had many changes. It has created more favourable conditions for enterprises to develop and administrative procedures have been greatly shortened.
The PCI, the result of a long-standing collaborative effort between Việt Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the US Agency for International Development, is designed to assess provincial economic governance, the ease of doing business, and administrative reform efforts by provincial governments in Việt Nam to boost private sector development.
PCI comprises ten sub-indices: entry costs, land access and tenure, transparency, time costs, informal charges, provincial leadership proactivity, policy bias, business support programmes, labour policy, and law and order.
The 2022 PCI report was developed from responses from 11,872 firms, including 10,590 domestic private businesses and 1,282 foreign-invested enterprises (FIEs) operating in Việt Nam.
The report named the northern province of Quảng Ninh the most competitive province in Việt Nam in 2022 with an impressive score of 72.95.
Quảng Ninh has maintained its lead in the rankings for six consecutive years, thanks to its outstanding economic management quality and friendly and supportive business environment.
Bắc Giang was in second place for the first time, with a score of 72.80, 8.06 higher than the previous year. Hải Phòng was third with a score of 70.76, followed by Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu (70.26 points) and Đồng Tháp (69.68 points).
The remaining positions in the Top 10 PCI 2022 were Thừa Thiên-Huế (69.36 points); Bắc Ninh (69.08); Vĩnh Phúc (68.91); Đà Nẵng (68.52) and Long An (68.45). — VNS