|Việt Nam recorded shrimp exports of $4.3 billion this year. VNA/VNS Photo|
HÀ NỘI — In 2023, the agricultural sector will promote negotiation to open more foreign markets for local farming commodities, said Hoàng Trung, director of the Plant Protection Department under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD).
This year, many Vietnamese agricultural products have been permitted to enter many countries, including durian, sweet potato, and bird's nests exported to China; pomelo to the US; longan to Japan; and lemons and pomelo to New Zealand. That helps Việt Nam diversify export markets for its farm produce.
Trung said that many agricultural products had been permitted to enter many countries this year after the negotiations had been carried out for many years.
"But it is important to maintain and expand market shares in those countries," Trung said.
Developing coded planting regions and package facilities is one of the mandatory requirements related to phytosanitary conditions for export products.
The agricultural sector guides localities, businesses and farmers to build the planting regions and package facilities granted codes. Now, more than 300,000 hectares are granted planting area codes.
Đào Thế Anh, deputy director of the Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said that the COVID-19 pandemic had changed the market structure, and many Vietnamese fruit and rice products have entered Europe, where Thailand dominated before.
“In the coming time, Việt Nam still has to continue to diversify markets, organise production following the requirements of the export market on food safety, and complete the post-harvest stage, including package. However, the culture is expected to have still many opportunities for export growth of agricultural products in 2023," Anh said.
Lê Hằng, communications director of the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP), said that high inflation in export markets like the US and European Union that made demand for seafood down has started to slow down since the fourth quarter of this year. This trend may last into the first quarter of 2023. So, it is expected that in the second half of 2023, the world economy recovers and that makes the seafood demand will increase again.
Enterprises want the State to have supportive policies on the market, tax, and capital for promoting export to the world market in the coming time, Hằng said.
2022 continues to be a successful year in the export of agricultural, forestry and fishery products, although the agricultural sector must face many challenges such as high prices of raw materials; the market is affected by the Russia - Ukraine conflict, the production protection policy of some countries; and stricter import requirements.
The agro-forestry-fishery sector has made new export records in 2022 thanks to the diversification of markets and products.
The sector’s export turnover reached to top US$53 billion in the year with a trade surplus of $8.5 billion, up 30 per cent year-on-year, statistics show.
Notably, fishery exports would reel in nearly $11 billion, a 20-year high since Việt Nam joined the international market. Records have been seen in shrimp, tra fish (pangasius) and tuna exports, with about $4.2 billion, $2.4 billion and $1 billion in revenues, respectively.
Given the 40-year high inflation and currency fluctuations in many markets and surging prices due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, which have forced importers to consider reducing orders, Vietnamese businesses have flexibly diversified markets and products, according to Hằng.
She held that free trade agreements (FTAs), especially the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), have significantly benefited the domestic fishery industry, explaining that exports to the CPTPP markets expanded by 30 per cent to make up 26-27 per cent of the country’s total fishery export value.
Trade promotion activities both at home and abroad have also played a role in the hikes, Hằng added.
In the year, rice export is also expected to hit a record of 7 million tonnes, said Đỗ Hà Nam, vice chairman of the Việt Nam Food Association, noting that rice contracts would be maintained in early 2023 thanks to high prices. — VNS