Monday, November 29 2021


Xẩm singing to mark Cultural Day

Update: November, 14/2018 - 11:27
On the street: A xẩm performance by street artists. Photo
Viet Nam News

HÀ NỘI — "Từ hè đường đến sân khấu" (From Street to Stage), a special programme of xẩm (blind buskers singing) performances will take place this month to celebrate Việt Nam Cultural Heritage Day which falls on November 23.

The traditional musical programme will be held on November 14 by the Xẩm Hà Thành and Đình Làng Việt groups with the aim to promote and preserve the values of xẩm singing as well as to help audiences learn more about this art form.

The shows will take place at the Hà Nội Cultural Exchange Centre at 50 Đào Duy Từ Street in Hoàn Kiếm District, presenting viewers with an overview of busking and its role in social life.

The performances will include the participation of many veteran artists, according to Đào Bạch Linh, a young busker and head of the Xẩm Hà Thành Club.

New generation: Teaching children about Xẩm is among the ways to promote the restoration and preservation of such a precious traditional musical art in Ninh Bình Province. VNA/VNS Photo Minh Đức

Linh, who is also one of the programme organisers, told Việt Nam News that an increasing number of fans of xẩm singing have inspired folk musicians to recover and preserve the art and encouraged more performances.

Xẩm singing, a centuries-old Vietnamese art form, has long been regarded as an important piece of the nation’s cultural heritage. 

Legend has it that the singing was invented by Trần Quốc Đĩnh – a son of King Trần Thánh Tông, around 700 years ago, who was kind and had good relationships with the poor. He taught them how to play instrument and sing in order to overcome life’s hardships.

The singing is mainly found in the countryside, expressing optimism and love for the blind. The performances stem mostly from northern regions including the provinces of Ninh Bình, Nam Định, Hải Dương, Bắc Giang and Hà Nội.

Traditional vocals: Xẩm singing is mainly found in the countryside, mostly from northern regions including the provinces of Ninh Bình, Nam Định, Hải Dương, Bắc Giang and Hà Nội. VNA/VNS Photo Minh Đức

In the past, busking was performed during leisure after the harvest. The peasants used to invite troupes to perform in their village so that their families could enjoy the music, according to

During wartime or times of strife, the singers were not able to earn enough locally, so they travelled to find better incomes. Many of them flocked to big cities, including Hà Nội. 

Crowded trams, markets and street corners were turned into stages for buskers. 

During a xẩm performance, one artist plays a drum, one plays the castanets, one plays a đàn nhị (bowed instrument with two strings), one plays a đàn bầu (monochord instrument) and all sing together. To thank and encourage the singers for their performance, the audience offers them money. — VNS


Send Us Your Comments:

See also: