The Vietnamese đồng would see just a slight devaluation against the US dollar, at around 2-3 per cent for the full year, according to Bảo Việt Securities Corporation. — Photo vietnamfinance.vn
HÀ NỘI — The State Bank of Việt Nam made a net cash withdrawal worth VNĐ86 trillion out of the economy through open market operations (OMO) from January 20 to February 14.
No other cash injections or withdrawals were conducted from the beginning of this year to January 20.
According to Bảo Việt Securities Corporation, the central bank’s cash withdrawal aimed to control the money supply in the context that inflation pressure was increasing.
In a recent report, KB Việt Nam Securities forecast consumer price index (CPI) in February to expand at 5.11 per cent over the same period last year.
Inflation would be higher than the Government’s target (set at four per cent) at least in the first quarter of this year, the report wrote, adding that the room for the State Bank of Việt Nam to loosen the monetary policy in the short-term remained limited.
KB Securities predicted that the central bank would not have any moves to pump money in the first quarter to aid growth like other central banks in the region were doing to cope with heavy tolls caused by the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).
Entering the second quarter, the inflation pressure was forecast to cool off compared to the same period last year as pork prices would decrease.
The company forecast CPI to expand at 3.7 per cent on average in 2020.
On the inter-bank market, rates saw slight decreases for overnight loans, one-week and two-week loans by 0.3 percentage points, 0.2 percentage points and 0.3 percentage points to 2 per cent, 2.3 per cent and 2.32 per cent per year, respectively.
According to Bảo Việt Securities Corporation, this indicated that the liquidity in the banking system had been abundant. The company forecast that the central bank would continue to withdraw cash in OMO market in the next few weeks.
The appreciation of the US dollar in the global market would continue to weigh on the exchange rate, coupled with the pressure from the development of the coronavirus epidemic, according to Bảo Việt Securities. However, the company predicted that the Vietnamese đồng would see just a slight devaluation against the US dollar, at around 2-3 per cent for the full year. — VNS