|Trần Đình Thiên, director of the Việt Nam Institute for Economics speaks at the Economy 4.0: from Evolution to Revolution. -- VNS Photo Hoàng Nam|
HCM CITY – Enterprise in the new economic era of transforming from traditional to digital economy must choose sustainable development of significant breakthrough to reach outstanding level of business scale and effectiveness, a seminar heard in HCM City yesterday.
“Company chiefs and managers should clearly understand the nature of the economy in the technologising era,” Đặng Ngọc Minh, editor-in-chief of the Nhịp Cầu Đầu Tư (Investment Bridge) magazine said in his opening speech at Economy 4.0: from Evolution to Revolution.
“From that, better development trends will emerge, enterprise profits will maximise and contribute to national economic strength.”
Trần Đình Thiên, director of the Việt Nam Institute for Economics, said: “The private sector has played a very important role in Việt Nam’s economy, and if the private economy had received attention since the beginning of đổi mới 30 years ago, Việt Nam’s economy would have seen remarkable change.”
He quoted statistics for the last 30 years to show the private sector only contributes around 41 per cent of GDP, while State-owned enterprises account for the rest.
“An economy which depends on State-owned enterprises and households cannot be strong and must change.
“The domestic private sector, though still weak, has started to move forward as the national economy is transforming from natural resource exploitation to processing.”
The Vietnamese business environment has become more attractive, he said.
According to the 2017 World Investment Report, after APEC 21 Việt Nam was the Asian leader in attracting foreign investment, and according to a Thornton report in April the country ranked top in Southeast Asia.
Thiên said: “Việt Nam has good development trends with active integration through CP-TPP, VN-EU FTA and AEC, a stable economy, good growth potential, increasing foreign investment, and effective administrative reform.
“However, we are restructuring institution very slowly, have too many procedures, weak enterprises, economic growth too dependent on foreign investment.
“The economy has achieved good results but there is no great belief.”
He pointed out that Việt Nam was facing serious problems with regard to land, government spending and equitisation of State-owned enterprises.
“We are stuck on three key issues: infrastructure, human resources and institutions.”
He said the country had need for intensive institutional reforms and should consider the private sector as the spearhead of its economy.
“This is a historic opportunity for Việt Nam to catch up with developed nations by taking advantage of industry 4.0.
“Let us focus on information technology, digital economy, luxury tourism, and high-tech agriculture. We should focus on smart cities and becoming a regional economic hub.”
He said authorities expected a new economic boom in HCM City after the National Assembly passed the special resolution on the city’s finances.
“[But] a resolution is not enough for the city to erase many old challenges and we have a lot of work to do.”
Đỗ Hoài Nam, co-founder of Up Co-working Space said: “Sharing economy has different ways of living and working. The sharing economy will optimise all kinds of resource and appear in all spheres of life.
“The sharing economy will benefit enterprises which know how to take advantage.”
The seminar was the 11th annual one organised by Nhịp Cầu Đầu Tư and it attracted 500 CEOs. -- VNS