|The Global Competitiveness Index ranks countries based on 12 key pillars. Việt Nam’s "health" dimension was evaluated highest at 81 points. — Photo WEF report|
HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam ranked 77th out of 140 countries in the latest Global Competitiveness Report, released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) on Wednesday.
Việt Nam fell three places from the 2017 ranking.
This year, WEF used a new methodology to fully capture the dynamics of the global economy in the Fourth Industrial Revolution; many of the factors that will have the greatest impact on driving future competition have never been the focus of major policy decisions in the past. These factors include idea generation, entrepreneurial culture, openness and agility. Under the new method Việt Nam received 58.1 points.
Việt Nam was ranked the sixth most competitive economy in Southeast Asia.
Within the region, Việt Nam was behind neighbours Singapore (second), Malaysia (25th), Thailand (38th), Indonesia (45th) and the Philippines (56th), but ahead of Brunei Darussalam (62nd), Cambodia (110th) and Laos (112th).
The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) is based on 12 pillars: institutions, infrastructure, information and communication technology adoption, macroeconomic stability, health, skills, product market, labour market, financial system, market size, business dynamism and innovation capacity.
Of these 12 areas, Việt Nam’s health dimension was evaluated highest at 81 points, ranked 68th out of 140. Market size reached 71 points, ranked 29th, and macroeconomic stability reached 75 points, ranked 64th.
The country was ranked lowest in product market at 102nd, business dynamism at 101st and skills at 97th.
In the remaining categories, institutions ranked 94th and information and communication technology adoption ranked 95th. Creative capacity reached the lowest score with just 33 points but still ranked 82nd out of 140 countries.
The US topped this year’s WEF Global Competitiveness Report. Singapore was in second place, with Germany in the third spot.
Chad was the bottom-dweller, ranked 140th. — VNS