|Workers at Orion Vina Food Company Limited, a South Korea-invested company located in Bình Dương Province’s Mỹ Phước II Industrial Zone, produce cakes. — VNA/VNS Photo Danh Lam|
HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam aspires to become a country with prosperous development, inferior to no other countries in the world, Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc said at the Việt Nam Business Summit in Hà Nội on Thursday.
The summit, themed ‘Việt Nam – We Mean Business: Connect and Innovate,’ was part of the World Economic Forum on ASEAN 2018. It attracted more than 1,200 entrepreneurs and investors from around the world, along with representatives of foreign business associations, embassies and international organisations in Việt Nam.
Co-chairing the event with WEF President Borge Brende, PM Phúc said during 30 years of Đổi mới (renewal), Việt Nam has implemented a policy of opening up for investment and integration.
“The liberalisation has brought great benefits for Việt Nam,” he said, adding that the country is always consistent in promoting free trade and globalisation.
Việt Nam has long treasured the substantial benefits of free trade, particularly amid the formidable challenges posed by global trade protectionism which is currently threatening bilateral and multilateral trade deals, he said.
However, he said that the economy still falls short of its expectations, with Vietnamese firms still not deeply integrated in global value chains.
Only 21 per cent of Việt Nam’s small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have taken part in global value chains, much lower than the 46 per cent in other ASEAN nations.
Although many foreign studies have pointed out Việt Nam’s success in global supply chains, generally speaking, Vietnamese businesses have only joined these chains in fields such as assembly or product packaging, which are links with low value and lack sustainability.
Input materials made by domestic manufacturers currently account for less than 27 per cent of the total input value of FDI firms, while the remainder is purchased from other FDI companies or imported, he noted.
Thus, Việt Nam should better its position in the global value chain by enhancing connections with foreign direct investment firms, he said, asking Vietnamese enterprises to improve their capacity.
Facing that fact, Việt Nam aims to move higher in global value chains and strengthen the connectivity between Vietnamese and FDI businesses, PM Phúc said, adding that it is becoming one of the workshops of the world and a pivotal spot for trans-national firms to supply products and services around the globe.
“The development of many local private enterprises shows that the business environment in Việt Nam is completely able to nurture big companies capable of competing against and co-operating with international ones,” he said.
He noted that by actively integrating with the rest of the world, the country is now a member of the World Trade Organisation and 12 free trade agreements, including the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), the EU-Việt Nam Free Trade Agreement, and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).
From here, investors have a chance to access almost all major markets, especially those in ASEAN. Việt Nam plays a significant role as a gateway and has one of the best geopolitical positions in global supply chains that not every country has access to, he emphasised.
The country has trade relations with over 200 countries and territories. It has also taken the lead in exporting many agricultural products like rice, pepper, coffee, cashew nut, basa fish, and shrimp. PM Phúc expressed his belief that Việt Nam’s agriculture potential would be fully tapped and could be a big magnet for investment and co-operation.
He also said Việt Nam needs to exert more efforts, foster more innovations, and make stronger reforms to improve its economic development level and narrow the gap with regional countries.
“The successes of businesses in the nation are also part of the Government’s successes,” he affirmed.
Việt Nam is not complacent
On Việt Nam’s economic achievements, WEF President Borge Brender said that in eight years since the last WEF held in Việt Nam in 2010, the local economy has witnessed fantastic growth, with gross domestic product (GDP) doubling and export revenue tripling.
Việt Nam is on track to achieve economic growth of nearly 7 per cent this year, while also experiencing the rapid development of foreign investment. The poverty rate declined significantly to 3 per cent from 50 per cent in the 1990s, he said.
The Vietnamese Government has “not slept in victory and is not complacent,” but is continuing to reform in order to ensure future growth, he said.
Dramatic improvements have been seen in Government debt, the banking sector, trade and the business environment, he stated, pointing at the economy’s weaknesses which need to be addressed, such as education quality and labour efficiency. Mobilising all economic resources to get involved in the Fourth Industrial Revolution is also a challenge, he added.
Vũ Tiến Lộc, chairman of the Việt Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said in the past two years, Việt Nam has been one of the countries with the highest number of discussions relating to Industry 4.0 and expects to see breakthroughs in the revolution.
According to a report released by the Global Startup Network this year, Việt Nam’s start-up index ranked sixth out of 54 surveyed economies. AlphaBeta’s research results also rank Việt Nam second in the technology investment environment and third in the digital talents in the Asia-Pacific region.
“These are the new advantages of Việt Nam in the digital economy, in addition to the traditional advantages of favourable geo-location, geo-economics, young and abundant workforce, and low cost. The efforts of institutional reform, the policy of putting people and businesses at the centre, are also becoming a new engine of the Vietnamese economy,” he added.
Lộc said the context of trade conflict in the global economy is complicated, Việt Nam is expected to be a friendly and safe destination.
“I hope international businesses will come to Việt Nam to build global value chains”. — VNS