|Long Giang Industrial Zone in Tiền Giang Province. The Ministry of Planning and Investment has sought public comments for a draft law on industrial parks and economic zones. — VNA/VNS Photo Lâm Nguyên|
HÀ NỘI — The Ministry of Planning and Investment is seeking public comments for a draft law on industrial parks (IPs) and economic zones (EZs) to create breakthroughs for the development of IPs and EZs in the context that Việt Nam aims to increase high-quality investment.
Statistics showed that as of December 2022, there were 407 IPs in Việt Nam, including four export processing zones (EPZs), with a total area of around 128,684ha.
In addition, there were 26 border EZs in 21 provinces and cities with a total area of 766,000ha, together with 18 coastal EZs in provinces and cities with a total land and water area of 871,523ha.
The ministry said after 30 years of development, IPs and EZs have contributed significantly to the socio-economic development of Việt Nam and the country’s industrialisation and modernisation as well as creating jobs, improving human resource quality and increasing productivity.
However, there have been a number of problems arising during the development of IPs and EZs, the ministry said.
The ministry pointed out that limitations in planning and capital attraction, coupled with slow renovation of IP and EZ models, failed to meet requirements.
Linkages between IPs and EZs and with outside areas remains limited while the development of IPs and EZs has lacked sustainability and balance in economic, environmental, and social development. In addition, land use efficiency has remained low, the ministry said.
The limitations were caused by a number of reasons, one of which was an incomplete institution and legal framework related to IPs and EZs. The IPs and EZs need breakthrough developments to set a new development direction, the ministry said.
According to the ministry, the legal framework regulating the operation of IPs and EZs had not seen fundamental changes. Việt Nam only had a decree on managing IPs and EZs while the operation of IPs and EZs related to many other sectors, including planning, investment, enterprise, land, construction, environment, housing, and labour.
This was causing a lot of difficulty in the development of IPs and EZs towards new models, the ministry said.
The investment incentives and support policies of Việt Nam in general and of IPs and EZs in particular were not effective enough to direct investment flow, the ministry said.
The existing investment incentives for IPs and EZs had not taken into account the specific development conditions of each zone and there was no distinction between manufacturing and service sectors.
There was also a lack of policies to promote linkages of projects in IPs and EZs, which made it difficult to attract investment in IPs and EZs in localities with difficult socio-economic conditions, encourage the foundation of specialised zones or linkages among projects to establish value chains.
The inconsistencies in IPs and EZs policies also caused investors to hesitate to increase their investments.
The development of a law on IPs and EZs became pressing to improve the legal framework and ensure consistency in policies to create a favourable investment climate and promote production and business.
Under the draft, the ministry proposed six group of policies, including development orientations of IPs and EZs in line with regional and provincial planning, infrastructure, incentives for IPs and EZs in localities with difficult socio-economic conditions and incentives for projects which contributed to promote industry linkages, the promotion of new IP and EZ models, and incentives to enterprises and State management.
The draft law was expected to be submitted to the 15th National Assembly for consideration at the sixth meeting in October 2023 and passed at the seventh meeting in May 2024.
IPz and EZs across the country attracted nearly 10,400 domestic projects and 11,200 foreign–invested projects as of December 2022, with a total investment of VNĐ2.54 quadrillion (US$105 billion) and $231 billion, respectively, creating 3.9 million jobs and contributing 50 per cent to the country’s exports. — VNS
Hải Phòng plans to form new 20,000ha coastal EZHÀ NỘI Hải Phòng plans to form a 20,000ha coastal economic zone (EZ) in the south of the northern port city stretching across Kiến Thuỵ, An Lão, Tiên Lẵng, Vĩnh Bảo and Đồ Sơn districts, according to the municipal EZ Management Board.This would be the second coastal EZ in Hải Phòng, after Đình Vũ - Cát Hải EZ, which was founded in 2008 and has so far attracted $31 billion worth of investment and created around 200,000 jobs.Đình Vũ - Cát Hải EZ attracted large foreign corporations such as LG, Pegatron, Regina Miracle, Fujifilm and Koycera and major domestic companies such as Vinfast, Geleximco and Xuân Cầu.The development of the second EZ would be important for promoting socio-economic development and creating a break though in growth for the Hồng (Red) River Delta, Lê Trung Kiên, head of the Hải Phòng EZ Management Board, said. — VNS