|Linh Đàm HH project in Hoàng Liệt Ward includes 12 apartment buildings of 35-40 floors each, but the public infrastructure is not commensurate with its size. — VNA/VNS Photo|
HÀ NỘI — Over the years, violations related to the management and implementation of urban planning in Hà Nội have caused many consequences, putting pressure on urban infrastructure, inner-city traffic and people's lives.
Facing this situation, the Hà Nội Party Committee has recently made strong moves by issuing Directive No. 14-CT/TU requiring agencies and units to effectively implement measures to solve such issues.
Hoàng Mai is an inner-city district located at the gateway to the southeast of Hà Nội, covering 41 square kilometres.
The district has the most rapid urbanisation with a series of urban residential areas. However, the rapid development is causing difficulties in urban planning management.
Đỗ Thanh Tùng, deputy chairman of the district People’s Committee, said that despite detailed plans in the district, investors had not built a technical and social infrastructure system such as schools, parks, and parking lots but only focused on building houses and apartments to sell.
Pháp Vân – Tứ Hiệp residential project is another example.
Covering 50ha, the project's construction was started in late 2002 with the design of 20 apartment buildings, 100 villas, office buildings, parks, flower gardens, entertainment areas, supermarkets, schools, kindergartens and hospitals.
But investors have still not yet built any schools as per the approved plan, said Tùng.
In addition, technical infrastructure was not synchronously built in some urban areas.
“Many violations of urban planning put pressure on the social and technical infrastructure of the district. Typically, the Linh Đàm HH project in Hoàng Liệt Ward was not built in accordance with the approved planning, so it leads to an increase in the population and traffic jams,” Tùng said.
Similarly, in some urban residential areas in Xuân Tảo and Cổ Nhuế wards in Bắc Từ Liêm District, investors had not yet completed the infrastructure system after many years.
Many investors only focused on exploiting vacant land, while adjacent old residential areas and areas of which land clearance is difficult were not invested in according to the planning, said Ngô Ngọc Vân, deputy chairman of Bắc Từ Liêm District.
Head of urban management department of Thanh Trì District, Triệu Đình Hiệp, said that in the district, there are 11 new urban areas and housing project covering 200ha that was approved with detailed planning.
However, these projects were slow in progress, especially the Cầu Bươu Project that had been implemented for nearly 20 years but has not been completed yet, causing local frustration, said Hiệp.
Additionally, major roads such as Ngọc Hồi and Phan Trọng Tuệ did not have urban designs on either side of the roads, which caused difficulties for the management of landscape architecture, Hiệp added.
The management of construction planning and landscape architecture is one of the strategic issues of development and a key stage in forming the face of the city today and in the future.
It is also a key management activity of local authorities to ensure stable and sustainable urban development, creating a favourable living environment for urban residents.
Directive No. 14-CT/TU demonstrates the guidance of the Hà Nội Party's Committee to solve the shortcomings and limitations in urban planning and management activities.
Accordingly, the committee requested to review and strengthen the organisational apparatus for planning management and improve management staff's capacity.
At the same time, more attention must be paid to the management of planning and landscape architecture associated with each specific project, ensuring strict adherence to the original planning goals.
Hiệp said: “The personal responsibilities and accountability should be accompanied by strong decentralisation to the district level to carry out procedures such as approving, appraising funds and setting regulations on construction to the projects used district budget.”
“At the same time, the city needs to organise training on planning and landscape architecture management methods suitable to each locality's reality.”
The Hà Nội Planning and Architecture Department will cooperate with relevant offices to review and remove difficulties arising in architectural planning, according to Nguyễn Trúc Anh, the department’s director.
The department will continue to implement the project of overall construction planning of Hà Nội to 2030 and complete the urban subdivision plans for the Red River and Đuống River.
The director said that the formulation, appraisal and approval of planning projects would be carried out thoroughly, ensuring compliance with the law and requirements for quality, feasibility and sustainability to minimise planning adjustment.
He added that the city’s planning information would be publicised and transparent to create favourable conditions for people to monitor and manage. — VNS