Viet Nam News
HCM CITY – Việt Nam’s rice exports in the first half of the year fell by 32 per cent over the same period last year, mostly due to competition from other countries, the Việt Nam Food Association (VFA) has said.
In addition to rice exports from Myanmar, Pakistan and India, Vietnamese exporters had to contend with Thailand selling off a huge stockpile of its rice.
In the first quarter, rice exports increased more than 50 per cent compared to the same period last year, mostly because of contracts signed last year.
But with domestic rice prices higher than global rice prices in March and April, many domestic enterprises were unable to sign new contracts, leading to a fall in exports in the second quarter.
Asian countries remained the main buyers of Vietnamese rice, accounting for 67 per cent of total rice exports, followed by Africa (16.4 per cent) and the Americas (11.9 per cent), according to a report released at a VFA meeting held last Friday.
However, in the first half of the year, total rice exports to Asia fell by 5.4 per cent, dropping by 9 per cent to China and 52 per cent to the Philippines.
Unlike the fall of exports to Asia, Vietnamese rice exports to Africa and the Americas rose 10.8 per cent and 11 per cent, respectively, compared to the first half of last year.
During the period, exports of five per cent and 25 per cent broken white rice fell by 29 per cent and 26 per cent, respectively.
At the same time, exports of fragrant rice increased by 30 per cent and 15 per cent broken white rice by 18 per cent, while sticky rice rose by 145 per cent.
At the VFA meeting, the association adjusted the total export target for the year from 6.5 million to 5.65 million, excluding border trade, a year-on-year fall of 14 per cent.
For the first six months, a total of 2.7 million tonnes of rice were exported.
Huỳnh Minh Huệ, VFA’s general secretary, said that local rice exporters expected to ship three million tonnes in the last half of the year, a drop of 22 per cent over the same period last year.
Speaking to the press on the sidelines of the meeting, VFA Chairman Huỳnh Thế Năng said the target was based on the association’s data analytics, and that market conditions could change if the Philippines, Indonesia and others bought more Vietnamese rice.
Lâm Anh Tuấn, director of Thịnh Phát Co Ltd, said the target was feasible, as the price of Việt Nam’s five per cent broken white rice was the most competitive in the region.
Besides official exports, enterprises have also exported rice to China via border trade since 2012, with annual export volume reaching 1.5-1.7 million tonnes.
VFA said the Ministry of Industry and Trade would organise a meeting later this month to discuss problems faced by the rice production sector. - VNS