Viet Nam News
HÀ NỘI – The health sector has called for efforts to be stepped up in combating antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
These comments were made at a workshop on Thursday to review the first-phase implementation of the National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance in Việt Nam.
Speaking at the event, Minister of Health Nguyễn Thị Kim Tiến said AMR has been an alarming problem in Việt Nam, especially the issue of antibiotic resistance in the food chain and ecological environment due to the increase of antibiotic use and weakness in antibiotic management in healthcare and animal husbandry.
Tiến said survey results on selling antibiotics at retail drug stores in the north showed weakness in the community’s awareness of antibiotics and AMR.
“Antibiotics have been sold without prescriptions at 88 per cent of urban drugstores and 91 per cent of rural drugstores. Antibiotics have contributed to 13.4 per cent of drugstores’ total sales in urban areas and 18.7 per cent of drugstores’ total sales in rural areas,” said Tiến.
Tiến stressed that reducing antibiotics use and combating AMR requires the involvement of all ministries and sectors from the central to the local levels and all of society.
Speaking at the event, Dr Kidong Park, the World Health Organisation (WHO) representative in Việt Nam, praised the contributions of Việt Nam in the global fight against AMR.
“The current burden of AMR is just the tip of the iceberg for the future burden of AMR. If we don’t want to see the full-blown burden of AMR, we must take action now,” said Dr Park.
At the event, participants focused their discussion on the results and existing shortcomings of efforts to advance the fight against AMR in Việt Nam.
Representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Veterinary Department suggested the State management authorities should strengthen supervision and early warnings of diseases affecting animals and poultry.
Management authorities should expand communication campaigns to strengthen the community’s awareness of antibiotics and AMR prevention, tighten inspections and strictly handle violations related to illegal trading and use of prohibited antibiotics and veterinary medicine in breeding and aquaculture.
According to WHO, the estimated death toll due to AMR is some 700,000 deaths per year globally. Failure to control AMR will lead to an increase in cases of up to 10 million per year by 2050, which is more than the estimate for cancer and ten times more than that for diabetes. Further, the economic cost of AMR in 2050 will go up to US$100 trillion.
In 2013, Việt Nam passed the National Action Plan on AMR as the first country in WHO’s Western Pacific Region to do so. Last month, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, with support from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation, adopted a National Action Plan to tackle the overconsumption of antimicrobials in livestock and fisheries. — VNS