|An auto assembly line at a plant of Trường Hải Auto Corporation (THACO) in central province of Quảng Nam. — Photo quangnam.tintuc.vn
HÀ NỘI — Automobile producers are observing the complex changes of the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic to adjust their businesses.
After the first half of the year facing sluggishness and stagnancy in production and business, domestic automobile manufacturers and assemblers were pleased the Government cut vehicle registration fees by 50 per cent and is preparing to extend the deadline for paying special consumption tax.
However, with the new COVID-19 outbreak, automobile firms are expected to face new difficulties.
After the end of social distancing in April, most auto agents and businesses resumed operations. However, according to a survey conducted by the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT), auto production and assembly capacity stayed at a very low level due to high inventory of up to 122.5 per cent. The main reason was automobile consumption is facing many difficulties due to the sharp decline in domestic purchasing power.
Nguyễn Trung Hiếu, head of the Policy Department at the Việt Nam Automobile Manufacturers Association (VAMA), told Tiền Phong (Vanguard) newspaper that COVID-19 had caused complicated changes, requiring auto producers to devise suitable plans.
Hiếu said auto businesses in Đà Nẵng and Quảng Nam were affected first such as Trường Hải Auto Corporation (THACO) and Tan Chong Motor. THACO contributes up to 55 per cent of State budget contributions for Quảng Nam Province. It was the reason the provincial People’s Committee said the province would not be able to contribute to the State budget this year.
Ford Việt Nam was one of the firms most affected by the first wave of COVID-19 in the auto industry. Its plant in northern Hải Dương Province was invested US$82 million for expansion at the beginning of this year and was expected to be complete in the middle of 2022. Due to the pandemic, since March 27, production activities had to be halted for social distancing. Many foreign experts have yet to come to Việt Nam to work for the firm. After the pandemic subsided, the factory was back in operation in mid-July.
However, according to Ford's regulations in the US that apply globally, most office workers in Việt Nam are working from home. The production, sales and service departments are still operating and must fully apply COVID-19 prevention regulations, ensuring safety for everyone.
Talking about the decision to reduce registration fees by half, a Ford representative said all the Government's support solutions are very precious to businesses. However, due to the global influence of the pandemic, the source of imported raw materials for production was interrupted while shopping demand had dropped sharply due to cautious sentiment.
Previously, Ford Vietnam also planned to assemble the Escape model after five years of absence from the market. However, the supply of raw materials has been difficult to import. This model may not be released in time this year to take advantages of the registration incentives.
According to a representative of Honda Việt Nam, the COVID-19 pandemic has made the firm's business results in the financial year 2020 reduce by 8 per cent from the same period last year.
However, due to the Government's support policies, on July 20, Honda Việt Nam returned to assembly and released the CR-V 2020 model after about three years importing from Thailand for distribution.
Similarly, Mitsubishi Việt Nam has returned to assemble at the factory in Bình Dương Province and launched its best-selling model, the Xpander, after nearly two years of importing from Indonesia.
The moves showed auto firms have been expanding their production in the country while offering different types of vehicles. Moreover, local assembly would help customers save a lot of money from the policy of 50 per cent reduction in registration fees.
Lê Đăng Doanh, former director of the Central Institute for Economic Management (CIEM), forecast that with the complex changes of COVID-19, sectors producing unnecessary goods would face difficulties.
People would be cautious, leading to a decline in some items such as clothing, furniture, cars and electronic equipment. The real estate market would also be affected, he said.
VAMA agreed, saying the automotive market would have negative growth of at least 15 per cent in 2020. If the pandemic continues, car production and sales in Việt Nam may hit the lowest level in the past 10 years.
The MoIT proposed approving the Government’s resolution on solutions for the development of the support industry soon. Regulations on special consumption tax for locally produced auto could be revised to provide preferential treatment for high localisation rate. Meanwhile, the value-added tax may be refunded soon to help businesses accumulate more capital.
Statistics from VAMA showed that in May, the auto market recorded an increase of 62 per cent in sales compared to April. In June, the total sales of VAMA’s members reached 24,002 vehicles, up 26 per cent compared to May. In July when the Government's decision to slash registration fees in half started to take effect, auto sales improved slightly. — VNS