The view of Samsung’s factory in eastern HCM City where a new “innovation district” is expected to take shape. VNA/VNS Photo An Hiếu
HCM City has an ambitious goal to create a large “innovation district” as part of its plan to become a smart city. Bồ Xuân Hiệp reports
Bồ Xuân Hiệp
HCM City, which has many of the conditions needed to become the first smart city in Việt Nam, is still finalising plans for its ambitious goal to build an innovative ‘city within a city’ in the eastern part of the sprawling metropolis.
The plans call for merging districts 2, 9 and Thủ Đức to become an innovative district based on a digital, knowledge-based economy.
If approved by the central Government, HCM City would be the first locality in the country to manage a “city within a city”.
To seek ideas for the hub, the city last year launched a contest on planning concepts. Sasaki Associates Inc, a US architecture and design solution firm, won first prize worth VNĐ4.5 billion (US$193,960).
The company proposed different zones, facilities and development plans, while ensuring elements needed for a smart city and innovation, as well as other factors to support the growth of technologies and key industries.
A representative of the company said the eastern urban area should be designed to “attract more investment and new opportunities while promoting globalisation and maintaining local culture, appealing to a talented workforce from around the world, and adapting to climate change”.
According to Sasaki, “the planned innovation district is envisioned as a significant economic driver for the city and region, connecting research, entrepreneurship, academia, industry, and the local community to create a diverse innovation eco-system”.
“The city has the potential to expand upon the traditional triple helix model of an innovation district’s structure, involving academia, government and industry, to more directly involve communities and society at the core of its innovation activities while ensuring long-term ecological and environmental resilience,” said Romil Sheth, Sasaki principal.
Nguyễn Thành Phong, chairman of the People’s Committee, said the innovation district, spread over more than 211sq.km and home to more than 1.1 million people, was based on the idea of a hi-tech and smart urban development zone.
HCM City has achieved significant results after more than two years of implementation of a project to become a smart city.
As part of the plan, districts 2, 9 and Thủ Đức were selected first, thanks to their intensive science and technology attributes.
The 48sq.km Thủ Đức District has a high concentration of educational institutions, research centres and four large universities with more than 10,000 lecturers, including over 1,000 professors, and over 100,000 students.
It will serve as a place for training high-quality human resources.
The 50sq.km District 2 with the new Thủ Thiêm Urban and Financial Centre will provide infrastructure and international exhibition and financial centres for the innovation urban area and the city as a whole, Phong said.
The 114sq.km District 9, which contains the Saigon Hi-Tech Park, would be a “hub for research and incubating innovative technologies”.
The eastern area boasts modern infrastructure, including the first metro line still under construction from Bến Thành Market in District 1 to Suối Tiên Theme Park in District 9, and the expressway from HCM City to Long Thành-Dầu Giây in Đồng Nai Province and Cát Lái Port, the largest in Việt Nam.
Developing a smart city would help HCM City solve serious issues such as traffic jams, floods, environmental quality and infrastructure gaps amid increasing globalisation and rapid development of technologies, according to experts.
The city needs to provide better public services and an improved quality of life for residents, as well as more jobs.
However, Phạm Thái Sơn of the Việt Nam-Germany University said the city’s current resources were insufficient to build the innovation district or “a city within a city” in the eastern part.
Dr Nguyễn Cao Trí of Văn Lang University also noted that it would be difficult for the city to change management methods immediately.
“So it must find creative ways based on current policies,” he said.
Phạm Chánh Trực, former deputy secretary of the municipal Party Committee, said: “A smaller area should be designated first as the innovation district and then expanded because the project would involve huge expenditures.”
To make the plan feasible, the city has to start with the basics, such as traffic infrastructure, he said.
“We must build a fully new urban area where priority is given to pedestrians, buses and metro lines, and no longer to motorcycles and private cars,” Trí said.
Dr Nguyễn Đỗ Dũng, an overseas Vietnamese in Singapore, called for a policy to ensure flexible governance.
“The city should promote its openness and friendliness, and open resources of data, governance, and global connectivity,” he said.
Prof. Trần Hải Linh, chairman of the Vietnamese Business Association in South Korea, recommended setting up an advisory panel to help the city plan the application of technology, artificial intelligence, and renewable energy.
“The government plays a major role as an initial catalyst in mobilising resources and policies for an innovative city with cooperation among universities, research institutes, and businesses.”
Speaking at a recent forum to discuss the vision for the innovation district, Ousmane Dione, World Bank country director in Việt Nam, said: “A clear vision, good planning and a skilled workforce are keys to a successful innovation urban area.”
Nguyễn Thiện Nhân, secretary of HCM City Party Committee, said technological solutions and financial resources, especially from the private sector, have been mobilised to ensure the smart city project’s success.
“The State should work with businesses, from master planning to implementing Public Private Partnerships. The state budget should be allocated first. Business funding will follow if they see our success,” he noted.
Dr Nguyễn Cao Trí of Văn Lang University and other experts have urged the city to seek investment from the private sector.
According to JLL Việt Nam, a global real estate services firm specialising in commercial property and investment management, the trend of creating a “city within a city”, commonly referred to as large-scale integrated development, has become the next big trend in Việt Nam.
Nguyễn Thành Phong, chairman of the People’s Committee, said the eastern part of the city, including District 2, 9, and Thủ Đức, offers good conditions for developing large and innovative city projects.
According to the American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) in Việt Nam, US investors are paying attention to pouring money into and sharing experiences on developing innovative and smart cities in Việt Nam.
AmCham has worked with the US Consulate in HCM City, the Ministry of Information and Communications, and other agencies to set up the US-Việt Nam Smart Cities Industry Group.
The group has more than 30 members covering urbanisation planning, software and hardware, and energy and wastewater treatment solutions, among others.
Japanese investors, meanwhile, are also looking towards Vietnamese smart cities and urban development areas.
Keiji Kimura, chairman of the Japan Conference on Overseas Development of Eco-cities, said many Japanese investors were already involved in urban infrastructure and development in Việt Nam.
The Ministry of Construction said the plan is “unprecedented” in the country and would require careful study prior to offering its recommendations.
The ministry noted that the establishment of the eastern city directly under HCM City management would require amendments in urban planning and construction laws. — VNS
Vietnamese-made robots used for pandemic fight
HCM City’s use of hi-tech to make robots in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic illustrates its capacity for innovation, as well as the creativity and collaboration of its engineers.
A group of experts from HCM City’s Tôn Đức Thắng University developed the Covid Defender 1.0 and Disinfection Robot 1.0 models, which are used in sterilisation.
The Covid Defender 1.0 is operated by a remote control up to two kilometres from the robot. It has an arm designed like an ejector that is convenient for spraying chemicals.
The robot can work for six consecutive hours at 15km per hour. A smartphone installed on the equipment allows remote observation and control through video calls.
In the future, Covid Defender 1.0 will be used in fire prevention and control as well as other emergencies.
The Disinfection Robot 1.0 model can memorise a layout of a workspace. It can disinfect by exposing ultraviolet rays to destroy the DNA structure of the virus. The product’s advantage is that it has no chemicals and is environmentally friendly.
A team from the Eastern People Military Hospital in the city has also made a robot used for sterilisation under an order from the Department of Health.
It sprays chemicals for sterilisation and cleans floors. It can also disinfect itself. It can be operated via a remote control connected to a 4G network or the internet.
The Department of Health will provide this kind of robot to local hospitals that receive COVID-19 patients.
In addition, the Military Technical Academy has manufactured an autonomous robot named Vibot-1 that can replace some medical workers in high-risk quarantine areas.
The robot can deliver food, medicine and necessities, move waste outside, and help communicate between doctors and patients. It can carry different types of goods with loads up to 100kg. Its operation is monitored by a control centre.