A view of the Meridian Gate, part of the Complex of Huế Monuments - a famous tourist attraction in Huế City, Thừa Thiên Huế Province. VNA/VNS Photo
HÀ NỘI — A draft of a national strategy for the development of Vietnamese culture to 2030, focusing on five key areas, has been compiled by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
These include the nature of culture; objectives of building and developing culture; motto, principles, and methods of building and developing culture; and the force that builds and develops culture.
“The setting of targets in the Cultural Strategy to 2030, including those in the field of cultural heritage, is very important and necessary for us to strive towards,” said Đỗ Văn Trụ, Chairman of the Việt Nam Heritage Association.
“First of all, it is necessary to come up with a solution to promote and prioritise investment for the world heritages that have been recognised by UNESCO.”
“There are recognised heritages which have action plans but they have not been promoted well, or there is no action plan or solutions to preserve and promote values.”
Trụ also proposed preserving and developing national relics.
The first priority, he says, should be to ensure that all special national relics are planned.
Priority should also be given to national relics in a state of serious deterioration and relics in remote and mountainous areas.
It is also necessary to have a roadmap for implementation in each specific stage and condition to ensure the implementation of that target is successful.
The strategy to 2030 also says that one hundred per cent of the provinces and centrally-run cities should have provincial-level museums.
This policy has existed for a long time and is necessary, he says. However, museum activities have not received much attention and investment. Many collections of artefacts of historical, cultural and scientific value have not been exploited and promoted to reach the masses.
The strategy should provide more specific tasks and solutions to promote the value of museums in the provinces and assign responsibilities to relevant units for implementation, according to Trụ.
“The strategy also needs to take into account the practical bases of budget allocation for localities accordingly,” said Trụ.
One of the biggest challenges for Việt Nam and other countries in the world is achieving a balance between development and preservation, according to Professor Trương Quốc Bình, former deputy-head of the Cultural Heritage Department.
“Heritage treasures bring economic benefits and other benefits to the nation and each locality,” Bình said.
“However, it should be noted that heritages are the property of the nation and the people. Localities are given the right to manage them but not make profit from their revenue.”
“Exploiting the value of heritage is reasonable and necessary but it is not possible to set the goal of making full use of heritage.”
Public private partnership is an agreement between the State and private investors to jointly invest in public services and public works.
“The current public-private partnership in the field of cultural heritage in Việt Nam still does not receive enough attention although this model has proven effective in other countries,” Bình said.
Việt Nam has more than 40,000 official relic sites according to the Law on Cultural Heritage including eight that are recognised by UNESCO. They are Huế Imperial City, Hạ Long Bay, Mỹ Sơn Sanctuary, Hội An Old Street, Phong Nha - Kẻ Bàng National Park, Thăng Long Citadel, Hồ Citadel and Tràng An Landscape Complex.
There are over 60,000 intangible cultural heritages including 13 heritages recognised by UNESCO. — VNS