|A consumer is making a payment via QR Code. Cashless payment is becoming more popular in Việt Nam in the pandemic and as the country is trying to promote digital transformation. — Photo enternews.vn|
HÀ NỘI — Demand for deposits by individuals have increased significantly in recent months as people tended to switch to cashless payment methods, especially in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Statistics of the State Bank of Việt Nam showed that there were more than 104 million valid individual payment accounts at banks as of the end of March, with a total outstanding sum of more than VNĐ741.3 trillion (US$31.9 billion), representing a rise of 11.2 per cent against the end of 2020.
Individual checkable deposits rose by three times during the past five years with a considerable increase since 2020.
Specifically, individual checkable deposits rose by 55 per cent against the end of March 2020. In comparison, individual deposits, including both demand and time deposits, increased by more than 5.5 per cent from the end of March 2020 to the end of February 2021.
The central bank said that the increase in demand deposits at banks was attributed to the results of the financial banking system’s digital transformation process together with the development of e-banking, digital banking services, e-wallets as well as the promotion of a comprehensive digital finance ecosystem to create favourable conditions for citizens in conducting cashless payment.
The COVID-19 pandemic also pushed up demand for cashless payment and significantly contributed to changing the habit from using cash to cashless payment methods, the central bank said.
Statistics also showed that banking transactions conducted online increased by 5.9 per cent in number and 28.4 per cent in value in the first three months of this year over the same period last year.
Mobile banking transactions rose by 78 per cent in number and 103 per cent in value while via QR code by 83 per cent and 146 per cent, respectively.
Overall, cashless payment transactions jumped by 344.3 per cent in number and 96.1 per cent in value in 2020 against the previous year.
A recent survey by Visa also revealed strong increases in the use of e-wallets, contactless payment via cards and smartphones and QR Code. The year-on-year growth rate of the total e-commerce transaction value in the first quarter of 2021 rose by 5.5 times compared to the fourth quarter of 2020.
Notably, contactless card payments were used the most for food and catering services. Payments via QR Code strongly increased in the pandemic, especially in bill payment, retail shopping and at supermarkets.
According to Đặng Tuyết Nhung, Visa’s country manager for Việt Nam and Laos, there was a significant change in the shopping and payment habits of Vietnamese consumers since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Consumers were seeking safer and more convenient shopping experiences, she said.
It was security and convenience that was promoting the switching from cash to digital payment methods, she said.
Still, COVID-19 was an unexpected catalyst to make payment habits and behavior change faster. In the long term, Việt Nam has set a goal of digitising the banking industry.
Under the banking digital transformation plan to 2025 with a vision to 2030, the central bank targeted that at least 50 per cent of adults would use electronic payment services and at least 70 per cent of transactions would be conducted via digital channels. By 2030, the percentages were expected to be at least 80 per cent.
Deputy Governor of the State Bank of Việt Nam Nguyễn Kim Anh said that about 95 per cent of credit institutions in Việt Nam were implementing digital transformation strategies. — VNS