ENDURING APPEAL: Many traditional toys once considered under threat remain popular among kids. VNA/VNS Photo Trương Trị
Kim Thu and Mai Phương
An important element of celebrations during the fast-approaching Mid-Autumn Festival is the toys that parents buy for their kids.
Though imported plastic toys in a host of colours, designs and sizes fill most supermarket shelves, traditional toys, which once were considered at risk of fading away, remain quite popular among many kids.
Somewhere out in the countryside and even in certain corners of cities are people working hard to preserve a part of Việt Nam’s cultural identity by making traditional toys, which then head to markets for sale.
FINISHING TOUCH: A woman in Ông Hảo Village in the northern province of Hưng Yên works on the last step in making a drum -- a popular toy at full-moon festivals. VNA/VNS Photo Phạm Kiên
Many of these people are accurately described as artisans, given their high skills in a trade that has been passed down through generations.
These artisans work at their homes in handicraft villages or in co-operatives. Such villages are well-known around the country and include Xuân La, Vân Canh and Hồng Hà in Hà Nội, Ông Hảo in the northern province of Hưng Yên, and Bình Thường B in the Mekong Delta city of Cần Thơ.
Fully hand-made from simple, nature-friendly materials, these toys continue to be popular with kids during traditional festivities, especially the Mid-Autumn Festival.
They include tò he (toy figurines) made of glutinous rice dough; đèn ông sao (star-shaped lanterns) and diều giấy (paper kites) made of bamboo, colour paper and cellophane; mặt nạ chú Tễu (Uncle Tễu's face masks) made of papier-mâché; trống (drums) made of wood and cattle hide, and thiên nga bông (cotton swans) made with bamboo and cotton.
PASSED DOWN: Nguyễn Lệ Thu, an artisan in the Mekong Delta's Bạc Liêu City, is the third generation of her family to make traditional toys, including more than 1,000 lanterns each year. VNA/VNS Photo Huỳnh Sử
Despite COVID-19 making its presence felt around Việt Nam, artisans remain passionate about their craft and are hard at work making sure kids have a festival full of joy and good memories, just like every other year.
Among them are members of one family living on the third floor of a small house in Hàng Lược Street in central Hà Nội, who have preserved their traditional toy-making craft for decades.
They are now busy once more making toys that will be sold both before and during celebrations.
One of the artisans, Quách Thị Bắc, said July and August are the busiest months for the craft, especially cotton swans, which have long been a favourite of little girls.
FOLK CHARACTERS: Phùng Đình Giáp, a clay statuette making artisan in Đông Khê Village, northern province of Bắc Ninh. VNA/VNS Photo Diệp Anh
Her mother-in-law, artisan Vũ Thị Thanh Tâm, has been making toys for nearly 70 years, and still helps Bắc with some of the work.
Tâm is quite well-known in toy-making circles and has been featured in the media many times, including in Việt Nam News. Health problems have now slowed her down, but thankfully she has passed on the trade to the family’s younger members.
Before making a toy cotton swan, Bắc explains, she prepares all the necessary materials, such as woven bamboo baskets, cellophane, sponges, metal wires, and, especially, the cotton. It takes more than an hour to finish one item, so she spends a great deal of time on the job.
As the finer points of making a handicraft toy require a subtle touch, the most important thing is patience and attention, she says.
A basket bearing two lovely cotton swans and colourful flowers is always an attraction when special times for kids roll around, and are when Bắc sells from her doorstep on Hàng Lược Street. Her creations are so popular that she always sells out several days before any event starts.
ACCEPTED ALWAYS: Hand-made traditional toys can be found along Hà Nội’s Hàng Mã Street and continue to find favour with kids during traditional festivities, especially the Mid-Autumn Festival. VNS Photo Trương Vị
Despite there being a large amount of imported Chinese toys found around the country, she says, hand-made traditional Vietnamese toys have a special reputation domestically and even overseas.
“That makes me wish I could continue to make toys forever,” Bắc says. “I have a passion for my cotton swans, and would be devastated if the skill was ever lost.”
Many artisans are not only hard at work making toys for local sale but also for many friends around the world.
Nguyễn Hữu Kiêm from Bá Dương Nội Village in Hà Nội has spent nearly 60 years of his life making traditional kites, called diều sáo (flute kites).
Flute kites can be readily found around Việt Nam’s north, in places such as Hải Phòng City and Nam Định and Thái Bình provinces, with the craft stretching back to the 15th century in the latter.
Kiêm has introduced flute kites and the Vietnamese way of flying them in countries such as France, Germany, Spain, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, and China.
His kites have appeared at major events around the world and in Việt Nam, including a large kite festival in France in 2012, annual international kite festivals in Vũng Tàu in the south, and, in particular, celebrations for the 1000th anniversary of Hà Nội in 2010.
He believes traditional Vietnamese toys like kites deserve to be preserved as part of the national cultural identity.
“Flute kites are worthy of the respect given them by international friends and should be preserved, because they ‘convey’ the soul of their makers in particular and the Vietnamese people in general,” Kiêm says.
Creating a traditional kite involves a range of complicated steps. Among the first is crushing green persimmon for resin, to make the kites waterproof.
To make durable kite strings, meanwhile, artisans split bamboo into thin strips before boiling and soaking them in baked-limestone water, so they can resist white ants.
A kite needs to be at least a metre in length to be able to carry a flute made of bamboo and jackfruit wood.
Meanwhile, Đông Khê Village, by the Đuống River in the northern province of Bắc Ninh, is home to famous artisan Phùng Đình Giáp, aged 69, who is among the last people skilled at making phỗng đất (folk earthen statuettes), which are made of clay in the shape of human or animal characters from folk tales.
In recent years, Giáp says, whenever the Mid-Autumn Festival approaches, his family has maintained the tradition of making clay statuettes despite such toys losing their appeal among many kids.
“We are the only ones making these toys and will never stop, because we wish to preserve our traditions,” Giáp says.
“I can’t accept that part of my ancestors’ heritage could disappear. Clay statuettes are part of our culture.”
He adds that while more and more people have taken a liking to imported toys, many still prefer his creations and he hopes a return to popularity is on the horizon.
Nguyễn Hoàng Quân, 38, a customer from Hà Nội’s Hoàng Mai District, says everyone in his family prefers traditional toys over newer types.
“My son and I like to fly flute kites, while my wife and daughter have an eye for handicrafts made by Vietnamese artisans,” he says. “We really don’t care for plastic imports.”
While Quân often gets together with friends to fly kites at the Mỹ Đình Stadium in the summer and autumn, his children plan to buy star lanterns and paper masks at Hàng Mã Street to celebrate the Full-Moon Festival.
Folk toys and handicrafts are seen more often at cultural events these days and have a certain appeal among domestic and foreign visitors alike. Cultural authorities and organisations around Việt Nam are also trying to promote and preserve handicraft villages that produce traditional toys.
Beyond simply being toys, though, traditional toys convey the image and soul of the Vietnamese people and lives lived over many generations, cultural experts have noted.
Each toy is the crystallisation of the hard work and passion of artisans, many of whom now focus on preserving their time-honoured occupation. VNS