Viet Nam News
SƠN LA — A young man from northern Sơn La Province has travelled to Israel to learn modern farming techniques and apply them to his homeland.
When he saw local residents destroyed forest to reclaim land for cultivation, 24-year-old Giàng A Dạy became very upset.
“I always wondered how to change the way they did on farming and how to cultivate in areas short of water,” he said.
In September 2015 Dạy was a final-year student at Tây Bắc Univeristy when he heard about a training programme in Israel. He immediately decided to apply for it.
He had even persuaded his parents to borrow VNĐ30 million (US$1,320) from their relatives to buy an air ticket.
“I admired Israel for its creativity when I was at high school. Although it’s a small country with about eight million people, Israel is known as a leading startup country in hi-tech agriculture,” he said.
“The water shortage in my village is another matter, making it impossible for villagers to raise plants in the dry season. As a result, local residents have to rely on corn,” he added.
Dạy said he found out that he made the right decision when he arrived in Israel.
"In fact, 11 months of hard work in a foreign country has totally changed my thinking about agricultural production," he said.
Dạy started working at a nursery for Israel’s third largest seed company as soon as he arrived. He became involved in all processes from seed preservation and nursing to taking care of seedlings.
He saw that the Israelis had to remove rock and filled the gap with a 30-40cm layer of sand or buy soil from other places in order to plant crops.
It was there, he found out that water overflow or waste water did not occur in this country. People used drip irrigation technique to save water.
With strong desire to learn, Dạy asked a farm owner to let him use a 100sq.m of land for experiment.
He applied the knowledge he earned on the garden, including ideas he thought would fit conditions in his homeland.
“The plot of land helps me understand more about organic farming, cultivating without the use of fertiliser. All the difficulties I faced were solved with the support of Israeli experts. The lessons were really precious,” Dạy told the Tiền Phong (Vanguard) newspaper.
Dạy has applied water saving technology to improve the productivity and quality of agricultural products. — Photo tienphong.vn
Returning to Việt Nam in August last year, he did not go home immediately but spent a week in Hà Nội to explore market consumption of clean vegetables and get in touch with a number of vegetable suppliers.
Back home, with VNĐ100 million (US$4,400) accumulated during his time abroad, Dạy paid back the debt and bought a pumping machine. He also invested in setting up a water pipeline connecting his garden with the local stream and a drip irrigation system.
His efforts have been paid off in just four months. Dạy’s vegetables grow very well, even in the dry season.
His action suprised villagers as they couldn’t grow any vegetable from November to February for years.
The fact that Dạy posts seedlings on Facebook and uses motorbike to transport them was unprecedented in the locality.
Many Mông people came to Dạy’s house to learn about his techniques and he, of course, was willing to share his experience.
“Once dripping irrigation was applied, local residents can cultivate up to three crops a year instead of one crop currently,” Dạy told the villagers.
In addition, they can plant grass on barren hills to feed buffaloes and cows.
He also persuaded local residents to focus on tending vegetables and animal husbandry without the use of chemical substances.
Now, his dream of building a nursery farm and growing organic vegetables in his own garden has been realised . His vegetables are on sale at a number of vegetable shops in Son La City and supplied to a food company in HCM City.
Dạy said that with the price of VNĐ3,000 (US$0.1) per one kilo and productivity of 25 tonnes per crop, he could earn over VNĐ200 million (US$8,800) from cultivating 1.5ha of pumpkins.
However, he admitted that he still faced a lot of challenges.
Because vegetables are organic cultivated, in order to prevent pest and diseases, Day does not use pesticides or plant protection products but a mixture of garlic, ginger, chilli and white wine to spray the plants. This mixture helps prevent pests and is not harmful to people’s health.
According to Dạy, the price of seeds and seedlings raised by him is higher than popular ones on the market. Therefore, it has not been easy to encourage local residents to use them.
As the head of the village’s Youth Union, Dạy convinced youth members to apply drip irrigation on their gardens. He believed that the success of youth members would be an effective way to inspire local residents.
"The application of scientific and technical progress, drip irrigation technology, net houses and agricultural production on the hills of Giàng A Dạy is a bold start-up model," said Vàng A La, Secretary of Sơn La Province’s Youth Union
His economic model has changed the farming methods of young people from mountainous regions and provided an opportunity for farmers to access new scientific and technological advances.
Dạy said in the future he planned to team up with a number of households in the village to establish a cooperative specialising in planting organic vegetables and fruit. — VNS