Producing antibacterial masks at the K's Closet Fashion Joint Stock Company in Hà Nội. There is a huge potential for exports of Vietnamese products, including garments, to Japan. VNA/VNS Photo Anh Tuấn
HÀ NỘI — As Viet Nam's exports account for only 2.7 per cent of total import demand in Japan, authorities from the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT) see room for growth in the market.
Nguyễn Duy Kiên, from the Department of Markets for Asia and Africa, MoIT said although Việt Nam's exports increased sharply in recent years, they still accounted for a very small proportion of Japan's total imports, adding Japan is the country's third-largest export market, after China and the US.
Kiên mentioned textiles as a promising product in the market, saying with total imports in the sector of US$28 billion in 2019, Việt Nam's textile and garment accounted for 13.2 per cent while Chinese products accounted for 55 per cent and Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia and Italy shared most of the rest.
In Japan’s import of leather and footwear products which was worth $5.3 billion in 2019, Việt Nam accounted for 18.5 per cent while the biggest competitors were China, Indonesia, Italy and Cambodia. In the import market for handicraft products worth $200 million in 2019, Vietnamese products accounted for 8 per cent, ranking second after China with 55 per cent.
According to Kiên’s department, Japan imports $3.5 billion of plywood, wood flooring each year while Việt Nam only provides 3 per cent and 0.01 per cent respectively, adding: “There is a huge potential for exports of the products.”
Bananas, shrimp, crab and squid also have great opportunities to export to the North Asian country.
“Japan needs $1 billion of bananas per year, while Việt Nam only exports $3 million there per year. Ninety per cent of imported bananas from Japan are now supplied by the Philippines," Kiên said.
He added Việt Nam's market shares of shrimp, crab and squid imports were also modest, accounting for 7.5 per cent to 20 per cent, adding: “Việt Nam still has a lot of room to promote exports to the Japanese market.”
Kiên said for all of the above-mentioned products, Việt Nam was entitled to 0 per cent import tax when entering Japan while other competitors in ASEAN, South Korea, and India were all subject to higher taxes.
Kiên said China faced higher import taxes in Japan, noting: "It is a big advantage for Vietnamese goods to compete with countries in the ASEAN region, China, and South Korea if we continue to exploit the Japanese market."
Đỗ Quốc Hưng, deputy director-general of the Asia Africa Market Department under the MoIT, said to take advantage, Vietnamese businesses needed to regularly update information about changes in consumption trends and the Japanese market as in the current context of US-China trade tension, the prolonged pandemic and the development of protectionism in some countries, Japan had tightened the implementation of import regulations.
"Japan is a leading developed economy with high income, in addition to product quality requirements, the market is increasingly paying more attention to environmental friendliness, safety, rich and diverse designs of the products," he said.
Tạ Đức Minh, Viet Nam Trade Counsellor in Japan, noted that to export stably with added value, Vietnamese enterprises needed to make efforts to penetrate and exploit the distribution system in Japan.
Minh said though the retail systems in Japan had strict requirements and most of Việt Nam's exports were made through intermediaries, Vietnamese enterprises should try to directly work with them to enhance the value and brand of their products.
Minh suggested enterprises that want to tap the Japanese market should first participate in fairs and exhibitions in Japan where they can find new partners, as well as learn about consumer trends. — VNS