A steel factory in Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province. Vietnamese enterprises are closely watching the escalating US-China trade war and fear its possible impacts. — VNA/VNS Photo
HCM CITY — Many Vietnamese enterprises are keeping a close eye on the escalating US-China trade war and have said the challenges from it outnumber the opportunities for them.
On Friday China announced plans to impose additional duties on US$75 billion worth of American goods on September 1 and December 15.
US President Donald Trump tweeted the same day his administration would raise tariffs on $550 billion worth of Chinese imports.
The latest round of announcements means that by the end of the year essentially all Chinese goods exported to the US will be subject to duties.
Đinh Công Khương, director of Khương Mai Steel JSC said that the HCM City Steel Business Club held its first “entrepreneurs' café” programme on Saturday to discuss opportunities and challenges faced by the industry this year, reported the Người Lao Động (The Labourer) newspaper.
Most steel companies are aware that as the trade war escalates, opportunities are less than challenges for them since they face a decrease in demand, he said.
Producers cannot reduce output since blast furnaces have to operate non-stop, but demand is slowing down globally, and competition is becoming intense, he said.
“If the trade war prolongs, it will affect Vietnamese enterprises."
Diệp Thành Kiệt, vice chairman of the Việt Nam Leather and Footwear Association, said the US president’s order that US companies should immediately start looking for alternatives to China, including bringing their companies home, would have both positive and negative impacts on Việt Nam.
The Vietnamese footwear industry has a capacity of over one billion pairs of shoes a year and needs 10 years to double it.
Meanwhile, China exports 1.7 billion pairs annually to the US. If even half of this is shifted to Việt Nam, the industry could not manage it, he said.
"Việt Nam’s footwear industry exports 460 million pairs of shoes to the US annually, and if the exports suddenly surge, the risk of attracting anti-dumping tariffs is very large."
According to experts and businesses, Chinese businesses in other sectors such as garment and textile, seafood and electronics too want to switch their production to Việt Nam to avoid the impacts of the trade war.
The shift poses challenges to Vietnamese firms who would face fierce competition from the Chinese in many areas, from getting human resources and land to prices, they warned.
Dr Trần Đình Thiên, a member of the National Monetary and Financial Policy Advisory Council, said the trade war had caused negative effects on the trade, investment and monetary policies of many countries, including Việt Nam.
This requires the Government and businesses to forecast the long-term negative impacts to come up with appropriate measures, he said.
Trần Du Lịch, member of the Economic Advisory Group to the Prime Minister, said the US President’s order to US companies to immediately start looking for an alternative to China would offer Việt Nam the opportunity to attract investment from the US.
But for that, the country needs to further reform its institutions, he added. — VNS