Wednesday, September 20 2017

VietNamNews

Special ‘bed’ to save people during floods

Update: June, 10/2017 - 09:00
The lifesaving bed of ten grader Long and eleven grader Thái with capacity of 945kg can carry five to nine people at a time, and is 2.1 metre long, 1.2 metre wide and about 40 cm high. It floats thanks to the four sponge layers. —VNA/VNS Photo Phương Hằng
Viet Nam News

Many people in central Việt Nam battle with floods during the rainy season.

Two high school students, Luyện Huy Long and Trần Quang Thái, felt sad when they watched the news and saw people suffering in these floods.

So, they decided to make a special floating bed that they could use to get to safety.

They entered it in a national science competition and came third.

by Hồng Vân

The central region of Việt Nam is frequently hit by natural disasters, especially severe flooding. Every year, during the rainy season, which falls from May to November, the media broadcasts heartbreaking images of people struggling to survive the high waters that sweep away property and livelihoods.

Deeply touched by the losses, two high school students from the northern province of Hưng Yên put their heads together and came up with a special bed, able to keep people afloat on water.

Luyện Huy Long, a 10th grader, and Trần Quang Thái, an 11th grader, from Hưng Yên Specialised High School, won third prize at the National Technical and Science Competition in March this year for their ‘lifesaving’ bed.

“When I saw floods hitting the central region in 2016 on television and read about it online, I felt very upset. The haunting images of four kids stranded on bits of debris, and elderly people waiting for rescue on their bed, prompted me to do something to help in these disasters,” said Long.

“Given that a person spends one third of their life in bed, I came up with the idea of making one out of styrofoam so it could float on top of the flood,” said Long.

When the annual science competition was announced, Long registered and was paired with Thái, who shared a common interest in science and engineering.

It took four months for the two students to translate their idea into a final product, a floating bed that could carry up to 945 kilograms of weight.

“The most difficult part was incorporating all of our ideas into the design. Almost every day, we would meet up after school, spending hours discussing the project,” said Long.

“The product is very simple. It is literally a combination of a bed and sponge to keep it afloat. It is not highly technical, but the idea by the two students is highly humanitarian,” physics teacher Nguyễn Vũ Ánh Tuyết told Việt Nam News.

Tuyết provided some technical support to the enterprising youngsters.

With the universal physics programme students are equipped with a large amount of knowledge, for example from Archimedes’ principles of buoyancy, with which students can easily calculate the weight capacity of an object over a surface of water, said Tuyết.

“We closely examined the balance of the bed, because in cases of flooding or heavy rain, high winds may make the bed unstable. The balance has to take this into account and be safe for users,” said Tuyết.

The bed, which can carry between five and nine people at a time, is 2.1 metres long, 1.2 metres wide and about 40cm high. It floats thanks to four styrofoam layers. In emergencies one can tie the bed to a tree so it isn’t swept away, said Thái.

Long said the idea of making a life raft is not new, but incorporating this with a bed means that every family can have one ready in their home. It can be changed and modified to become a lifesaving item with cheap and easily found materials like sponge and plastic bottles.

“The product [Long’s lifesaving bed] is highly applicable in real life. People in regions that are prone to flooding can buy or make floating beds from the simple materials in daily life. The Department of Science and Technology will help to register brand protection for this product,” the antv.com.vn newspaper quoted Director of Hưng Yên’s Department of Science and Technology, Ngô Xuân Thái, as saying,

In the flooding season, the bed can be attached to other single beds with joints to form a big panel that can keep people afloat, said Long.

“Plastics may not be cheaper than wood, so we tried wood to start with and are thinking of seeking other materials that could be cheaper. Meanwhile, wood is also safe and popular with local people,” said Thái.

As the ingenious lifesaving raft can be made from an existing bed, the total cost falls to just VNĐ1.5 million (US$66), said Thái.

“The project was not easy. During our initial testing we had to stand on the bed and float on cold water in winter.

“We wanted to make sure it would survive in harsh conditions. So we had to make upgrades for unexpected factors, like strong winds or water currents,” said Long.

Long said he would add four anchors to each corner of the bed to make it more stable for users. VNS

 

 

 

 

 

GLOSSARY

The central region of Việt Nam is frequently hit by natural disasters, especially severe flooding.

Natural disasters are disasters caused by nature, such as by floods, volcanic eruptions, landslides, avalanches, droughts and so on.

Severe means very heavy.

Deeply touched by the losses, two high school students from the northern province of Hưng Yên put their heads together and came up with a special bed, able to keep people afloat on water.

To be touched means to be made to feel emotional about something.

 “The haunting images of four kids stranded on bits of debris, and elderly people waiting for rescue on their bed, prompted me to do something to help in these disasters,” said Long.

Haunting images are sights that are frightening.

Debris is junk that is floats in the wind or in the water and ends up landing somewhere in a mess.

When the sight of the elderly people prompted Long to do something, it caused him to act. It was as if a button was pressed inside him.

“Given that a person spends one third of their life in bed, I came up with the idea of making one out of styrofoam so it could float on top of the flood,” said Long.

Styrofoam is a type of material that floats

When the annual science competition was announced, Long registered and was paired with Thái, who shared a common interest in science and engineering.

If a competition is annual it takes place every year.

To register for the competition means to put your name down for it.

It took four months for the two students to translate their idea into a final product, a floating bed that could carry up to 945 kilograms of weight.

To translate an idea into a final product means to make it something that people can see and feel.

“The most difficult part was incorporating all of our ideas into the design.”

Incorporating means including.

“It is literally a combination of a bed and sponge to keep it afloat. It is not highly technical, but the idea by the two students is highly humanitarian,” physics teacher Nguyễn Vũ Ánh Tuyết told Việt Nam News.

If something is described as literally being a bed-sponge combination it is exactly as these words describe it.

A combination means two or more things put together.

If the students’ idea is humanitarian it aims to help people, especially those in need of help. Tuyết provided some technical support to the enterprising youngsters.

People who are enterprising come up with ideas and have the energy and drive to make them happen.

With the universal physics programme students are equipped with a large amount of knowledge, for example from Archimedes’ principles of buoyancy, with which students can easily calculate the weight capacity of an object over a surface of water, said Tuyết.

The Archimedes principle of buoyancy is a scientific principle to do with things that float.

It can be changed and modified to become a lifesaving item with cheap and easily found materials like sponge and plastic bottles.

If something is modified it is changed so that it is suitable for the present rather than for the past.

“The product [Long’s lifesaving bed] is highly applicable in real life.”

If something is applicable in real life it is suitable and useful for real life situations.

“People in regions that are prone to flooding can buy or make floating beds from the simple materials in daily life.”

If regions are prone to flooding, floods could easily happen there.

“ The Department of Science and Technology will help to register brand protection for this product,” the antv.com.vn newspaper quoted Director of Hưng Yên’s Department of Science and Technology, Ngô Xuân Thái, as saying,

Brand protection means making sure that no one else can copy what you have designed nor use the name you have given to it and then make money from it.

As the ingenious lifesaving raft can be made from an existing bed, the total cost falls to just VNĐ1.5 million (US$66), said Thái.

Ingenious means clever.

WORKSHEET

State whether the following sentences are true, or false:

  1. Trần Quang Thái is one grade higher than Luyện Huy Long at school.
  2. Nguyễn Vũ Ánh Tuyết is a teacher.
  3. The National Technical and Science Competition is held only every three years.
  4. Trần Quang Thái and Luyện Huy Long’s bed can carry between five and nine people at a time.
  5. The rainy season in the central region of Việt Nam is from January to June.

ANSWERS:

© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. True; 2 True; 3. False; 4. True; 5. False.

 

 

 

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