PARIS — French unions will stage new protests on Thursday against an overhaul of the country’s labour code, hoping to build pressure on President Emmanuel Macron days before his signature reform is expected to become law.
The marches come a week after hundreds of thousands of people -- 200,000 according to police, half a million according to organisers -- demonstrated against the plan, in the first challenge to Macron since he was elected in May.
More rallies are expected on Saturday, staged by hard-left political party France Unbowed, in another measure of the resistance to 39-year-old Macron’s pro-business agenda.
Philippe Braud, a professor emeritus of Sciences Po university, believes the government has the upper hand and that the protest movement in France "has been weakening for the past 10 years".
Today, "there’s a sort of resignation among the French to reforms that are seen as necessary", Braud said, adding that their passage will be a "big victory for Macron".
Thursday’s protests have been called by France’s biggest trade union, the CGT, and the smaller Solidaires union, which object to new powers being given to employers and the changes being rushed through parliament.
While some student and teacher groups are set to join them, the leaders of rival powerful trade unions such as the CFDT and the FO have declined to join the protests for a second week.
The changes, which are being fast-tracked via executive orders, are designed to give employers more flexibility to negotiate pay and conditions with their workers while reducing the costs of firing staff.
Labour Minister Muriel Penicaud, who will present the reforms to the cabinet on Friday, said last week: "We will not back down."
Public opinion is divided, according to a recent BVA poll, with most respondents saying they think the reforms will boost France’s competitiveness but fail to improve employees’ working conditions.
The Macron team insists that the reforms will encourage hiring and will offer the best cure to France’s stubbornly high unemployment rate, which stands at 9.5 per cent, roughly twice the levels in Britain or Germany.
Once cabinet approves the measures, they are expected to be published in the official gazette and enter law.
The use of executive orders is a way to pass the measures quickly and avoid a prolonged battle in the streets -- as seen last year when Macron’s predecessor Francois Hollande made similar changes. — AFP