|Workers assemble small-sized electric motors at the Japan-owned Mabuchi Motor Việt Nam at the Biên Hoà II Industrial Park in Đồng Nai Province. — VNA/VNS Photo Danh Lam|
ĐỒNG NAI — In the southeast region, a curious phenomenon of foreign direct investment firms ‘recommending’ long-time employees to resign has cropped up. In return, these employees receive a hefty one-time payment.
The companies don’t force the workers to resign but merely recommend it, and the workers consent, making the practice perfectly legal. However, workers might not be aware that by doing so, they relinquish many of their rights, and some are urging authorities to get involved.
Nguyễn Thị Sen, 51, from Biên Hoà City of Đồng Nai Province, worked at Pouchen Việt Nam – a manufacturing factory of the Taiwan-based sportswear company – for nearly 18 years.
At the end of last year, the company announced that workers with tenure of 15 years or longer may receive a lump sum equal to 12 months of salary if they quit.
Sen is still four years from retirement age, and under the company’s policy, she would receive one-month salary as a bonus every year. However, thinking the one-time payment was a generous amount, Sen agreed to end her contract and social security, and received VNĐ 140 million (US$6,160).
“Now I regret my decision. Previously, my monthly salary plus bonus was VNĐ 10 million ($440), so my annual income would total VNĐ 150 million ($6,600), including the New Year bonus,” Sen told Vietnam News Agency. “The government increases the salary rate every month, if I continued to work at Pouchen until retirement, then I could earn a total of VNĐ 500 million ($22,000), in addition to a nice pension. Now, I have no income, the lump sum will run out eventually.”
Sen said she tried to look for other jobs, but no one would hire someone her age.
Nguyễn Thị Huệ, 47, also from Đồng Nai Province, worked at Changshin Việt Nam for 20 years and earned a basic monthly salary of VNĐ 9 million before ending her contract and receiving VNĐ 150 million ($6,600). Afterwards, she intended to find another job but was unable to do so.
“I’m currently living off my unemployment insurance but it’s ending soon, now I just want to find a stable job, even VNĐ 2-3 million ($88-$132) salary a month,” Huệ said.
Job loss, benefits loss
According to Phạm Văn Mến, Director of Đồng Nai Social Security, manual labour is a demanding job and workers are exposed to toxins, which gradually damage their health. When workers resign but fail to get another job, without access to health insurance, treatment costs can become a huge burden, Mến said.
Đặng Tuấn Tú, Chairman of Changshin Việt Nam’s Union, said the union’s stance remains that the workers should not resign. However, as both parties consent and no disputes arise from these premature resignations, unions cannot intervene.
Union representatives said they have tried to persuade workers to keep working until they reach retirement age, showing them the benefits and the downsides of early contract termination. However, it’s not easy to convince workers especially as they don’t fully grasp the government’s insurance policy, they fear that social security premiums will soon soar.
Province-wide, in 2016, Đồng Nai had 37,000 people registered for one-time insurance payment, while in just the first six months of 2017, the number stood at 27,000.
According to the job centre for the Southern region (headquartered in Biên Hoà City, Đồng Nai), from 2017 May, the number of applicants for unemployment insurance in the province witnessed a worrying jump, standing at 4,000-5,000 people a month, most are long-time workers willingly leaving their companies when the contracts have not expired nor have they reached retirement age.
A math problem
Pouchen Việt Nam said while the salary it pays to old workers increases, their productivity remains unchanged, if not lower, hurting profits. With its machine automation plan, the company expects to cut its current staff by 10 per cent, or 2,000 workers.
The company estimates that in 2017, it will have to dole out VNĐ 39 billion ($1.72 million) for insurance premium payments for employees.
Similarly, Changshin Việt Nam, currently employing 26,000 workers, 3,900 of which have worked for the company for more than 15 years, said by the end of May, 440 of these workers resigned and received the one-time payment (a total of VNĐ 90 billion, or $3.96 million).
According to the Management Board of Industrial Parks in Đồng Nai Province, the premature termination of contracts concerning long-time employees is “a new phenomenon,” and takes place mostly at manual labour factories.
Some other companies are considering following suit, including Epic Designers Việt Nam Co. Ltd., the Japan-based machine part manufacturer Mitsuba M-tech and South Korea’s footwear producer Taekwang Vina Industrial, among others.
Big companies may be willing to part with large sums of money to oust long-time employees, while other small companies come up with ways to not use old workers.
Phạm Văn Cường, vice head of the management board, surmised the cause for this phenomenon as the basic salary (per region) increasing annually, in addition to pay rise policies in each company, while the productivity of senior workers does not improve, which makes businesses unwilling to keep long-term employees.
Cường said that workers with a 15-year tenure and basic monthly salary of VNĐ 10 million ($440) and above can have the same productivity as a new employee with starting salary of VNĐ 4 million ($176). From 2018, the social insurance premium rate will be calculated based on worker’s gross salary, not the basic salary level, so businesses are worried they will have to a lot of social insurance for long-time workers, cutting into their bottom line.
“In addition, manual labour like in textile industry requires little education, the workers just need to be healthy and young, plus, the companies only need to pay a much lower salary compared to senior ones,” Cường added.
Vũ Ngọc Hà, Director of Legal Council Centre for Labour Unions in Đồng Nai said there’s little grounds for legal intervention for this kind of contract termination at present, but it can’t be sure businesses will not resort to dirty tricks to oust long-time employees.
According to Hà, Việt Nam’s law covers all important aspects of labour relations, the issue is State oversight on the implementation of such laws. — VNS