Viet Nam News
HÀ NỘI — In the 39-degree Celsius heat of a summer day, carpenters in the craft village of Minh Đức in Phú Thọ Province diligently chop up large wooden logs to make furniture in their home-based wood workshops.
Although the job involves the use of saws and inhaling wood dust, no one in the village uses protective equipment, the local online newspaper Phú Thọ reported. “It’s too hot and cumbersome to put them on,” said Dư Thế Hòa, 17, working in his grandfather’s workshop, naked from the waist up. “Besides, the drilling, chiseling and hewing are not really dangerous.”
That was the explanation he got from his grandfather, Dư Thanh Tỉnh, with 50 years of experience in the craft, for not wearing protective clothing and a mask. The 73-year-old carpenter had his right hand cut off in a saw accident two years ago.
Labour safety is being ignored both by employers and labourers at craft villages, resulting in thousands of work-related accidents and cases of occupational disease each year.
Some 14 million labourers are working at 1,200 traditional craft villages in the country, the infonet.vn online news website reported. About 90 per cent of them are directly exposed to heat, dust, noise, and chemicals, which make them more prone to electric shocks and burns, as well as skin, respiratory and digestive diseases.
About 7,900 labour accidents occurred in the country last year, 60 per cent of them the result of non-compliance with safety regulations, according to the the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA).
Roughly a hundred labour accidents occur each year in the metal craft village in the capital city’s outer Thạch Thất District. Most work by the 5,000 labourers involves cutting corrugated sheets, which can easily hurt workers’ hands.
The working conditions in most craft villages are unsafe, according to Lưu Duy Tần, vice chairman of the Việt Nam Village Association. For example, the Vạn Phúc silk craft village in the capital’s Hà Đông District, with 700 looms, contains fire hazards, but only 10 of dozens of silk enterprises are equipped with fire extinguishers.
Their equipment is often outdated, with some assembled manually from old and used parts that no longer function properly, Tần added. “Most production establishments are not equipped with ventilation, vacuum and toxic treatment systems. Little attention has been paid to buying social and health insurance for employees.”
The reason behind these shortcomings is that most craft villages are formed arbitrarily by residents themselves, according to MOLISA.
Employers at these villages often get too caught up in making profits and pay less attention ro ensuring basic rights, such as insurance coverage, for their employees. Some do not report labour accidents on purpose, according to MOLISA’s Department of Labour Safety.
Lack of awareness of their rights to such things as labor contracts and insurance makes labourers particularly vulnerable to accidents and robs them of the right to compensation from employers, according to the department.
Nguyễn Ngọc Dũng, head of the Department of International Cooperation under the Việt Nam Cooperative Alliance, said that apart from raising labourers’ awareness of labour safety, regulations on ensuring their rights should be imposed on owners of craft production units and craft enterprises.
“[They] should provide labourers with periodic health checkups, especially with the dangerous working environment at craft villages,” he said. “Labourers should also be informed of the regulations on labour safety, food safety, and working environment sanitation.” Local authorities should also join in ensuring labour safety at craft villages, he added.
“The authorities should require enterprise owners to provide social, health and compensation insurance for not only contract employees but also seasonal employees,” he said. — VNS