Friday, September 18 2020

VietNamNews

Unexploded bombs still around

Update: January, 05/2020 - 12:02

Bombs and landmines caused great suffering during the war years.

They continue to cause problems because many are still lying around without ever having exploded.

People in communes can still be in danger.

It is important that they know about these unexploded bombs and landmines so that they can look out for them.

 

LIFE ON THE FARM: Lieutenant General Nguyễn Đức Soát (right) handles a cow for a victim of landmines. Photos courtesy of the VNASMA

By Minh Thu

Tết (Lunar New Year) is an important time of year for every Vietnamese person worldwide, but it's that little bit more special for Lù Văn Phong and his family this year.

That's because the 47-year-old war veteran from Hoàng Su Phì District in the northern province of Hà Giang, and his family will celebrate their first Tết in their new home.

The house was built with financial support form the Việt Nam Association for Supporting Unexploded Ordnance/Mine Action (VNASMA) and the local Red Cross association.

“I was injured seriously when I took part in the Vị Xuyên battle against the Chinese invasion in 1984,” Phong said.

“Life is so difficult as I lost 25 per cent of my health and can’t really do hard work. My wife has to work in the field alone.”

“With our little savings, we could never build a house without support from the VNASMA and the Red Cross.”

Phong is one of many war victims receiving support from the VNASMA, according to Lieutenant General Nguyễn Đức Soát, hero of the People’s Armed Forces and former Deputy Chief of Staff of the Việt Nam People's Army.

As president of the VNASMA, Soát and his comrades in co-operation with local Party committees, local authorities and international organisations have supported victims of unexploded ordnance (UXO) nationwide and worked to eliminate UXO.

A ceremony took place last week in Hà Nội to review the activities of the VNASMA since its establishment in 2014.

“In five years, VNASMA has been developed with the participation of 1,500 members,” said Soát.

“We have helped more than 5,500 victims through activities such as building houses, giving breeding stock and raising people’s awareness of UXO’s effects,” he said.

For Soát, one of the most memorable trips to help victims of landmines was his first as president of the VNASMA to Hà Giang to offer prosthetics for victims of bombs and mines.

“I don’t know if you can imagine the emotion when I saw 35 disabled people who had lost either their legs or arms that came to ask us for help,” he said.

“It was very cold. Seeing one or several disabled people is not an unusual experience but seeing a line of 35 people is really haunting. Especially when I know that there are tens of thousands of Vietnamese people who have been injured by bombs and mines left from war.”

Many things to do

There are an estimated 800,000 tonnes of unexploded bombs in Việt Nam, with 9,200 communes  contaminated by ordnance, accounting for 21 per cent the country's area, according to Soát.

“There are many things to do. When I hear news about an accident caused by UXO, I feel hurt and worried as it’s our responsibility,” Soát said.

The explosion of an old bomb in Hà Đông District, Hà Nội, in 2016 killed four people, injured many and shook society.

Soát said he's pained that such accidents still happen in the capital because of a lack of awareness.

“We have not fulfilled our duty to educate the people on how to handle unexploded ordnance left over from the war. In the capital, people still don’t know how to tackle UXO, how about people in the rural and remote areas? The question makes me ponder.”

“We have told ourselves to do more in our mass communication campaign to help people handle such a situation,” he said.

Soát reckons education has to start with children, as most adults are often too busy to teach about UXO.

“Last year, we released a cartoon series to publicize the danger of UXO and how to tackle UXO, the method really works as it received the attention of children. They will tell their parents about the information they get from the cartoon and they can protect themselves from UXO.”

"The VNASMA plans to carry out more education, vocational training, resettlement support, and community integration in areas severely contaminated with UXO in 2020 and beyond," Soát said.

“We have also received support from former US pilots who were our enemies during the war in the northern Vietnamese airspace, such as Charlie Tutt, head of the US veteran pilot delegation, and American Legion National Commander Charles E Schmidt.”

Soát revealed that Vietnamese and US veteran pilots have met several times to discuss how to support Vietnamese war victims through an official US government programme.

Phạm Thị Tân, vice chairwoman of the Red Cross Association of Hà Giang, said building houses and offering vocational guidance were really meaningful and necessary for war victims. However, she said raising awareness of the people and clearing the land were the most important work.

“In the future, we expect that the VNASMA and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent will help eliminate the UXO, it’s really a big campaign that we need the help of international experts in finance and technique,” she said.

Nguyễn Văn Hồi, director of the Department of Social Insurance under the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, said he highly appreciated the work of the VNASMA.

“Together with the support and policies of the Government, the VNASMA has helped many victims of  landmines and gathered other organisations involved in the work,” Hồi said. VNS

GLOSSARY

That's because the 47-year-old war veteran from Hoàng Su Phì District in the northern province of Hà Giang, and his family will celebrate their first Tết in their new home.

A veteran is someone with lots of experience and knowledge. War veterans have this from having fought in wars.

The house was built with financial support from the Việt Nam Association for Supporting Unexploded Ordnance/Mine Action (VNASMA) and the local Red Cross association.

Financial means “to do with money”.

“I was injured seriously when I took part in the Vị Xuyên battle against the Chinese invasion in 1984,” Phong said.

When an invasion takes place in your country, an army from another country comes and tries to fight its way into power.

Phong is one of many war victims receiving support from the VNASMA, according to Lieutenant General Nguyễn Đức Soát, hero of the People’s Armed Forces and former Deputy Chief of Staff of the Việt Nam People's Army.

Victims are people who suffer. War victims suffer as a result of war.

As president of the VNASMA, Soát and his comrades in co-operation with local Party committees, local authorities and international organisations have supported victims of unexploded ordnance (UXO) nationwide and worked to eliminate UXO.

Co-operation means “working together”.

Ordnance means military supplies, especially weapons.

A ceremony took place last week in Hà Nội to review the activities of the VNASMA since its establishment in 2014.

To review activities means to look at the ways in which they have been carried out and to give yourself the chance to change things, if necessary.

The establishment of the VNASMA was its starting.

“In five years, VNASMA has been developed with the participation of 1,500 members,” said Soát.

If there was the participation of 1,500 members, that number of members have taken part in the organisation.

“We have helped more than 5,500 victims through activities such as building houses, giving breeding stock and raising people’s awareness of UXO’s effects,” he said.

Awareness means how much people know about something. In this case it is how much they know about the UXO’s effects.

For Soát, one of the most memorable trips to help victims of landmines was his first as president of the VNASMA to Hà Giang to offer prosthetics for victims of bombs and mines.

Prosthetics are artificial limbs.

“I don’t know if you can imagine the emotion when I saw 35 disabled people who had lost either their legs or arms that came to ask us for help,” he said.

Emotion is a strong feeling that comes about because of one’s circumstances, mood or relationship with other people.

Disabled people are people who have a problem such as missing a leg or arm that may make it difficult for them to function normally.

“It was very cold. Seeing one or several disabled people is not an unusual experience but seeing a line of 35 people is really haunting.”

Haunting means bringing about a feeling of something being wrong.

There are an estimated 800,000 tonnes of unexploded bombs in Việt Nam, with 9,200 communes  contaminated by ordnance, accounting for 21 per cent the country's area, according to Soát.

Estimated means “about”, “around” or “at a calculated guess”.

Contaminated means “polluted” or “poisoned”.

“There are many things to do. When I hear news about an accident caused by UXO, I feel hurt and worried as it’s our responsibility,” Soát said.

If you feel responsibility for something it means that you feel need to be blamed if things go wrong and therefore make sure that nothing goes wrong.

The explosion of an old bomb in Hà Đông District, Hà Nội, in 2016 killed four people, injured many and shook society.

Society is the organised way in which people live. If something shook society, it shocked and upset people in that organised structure.

“We have not fulfilled our duty to educate the people on how to handle unexploded ordnance left over from the war. In the capital, people still don’t know how to tackle UXO, how about people in the rural and remote areas?

Tackle means “manage a challenge”.

The question makes me ponder.”

To ponder something means to think about it.

“We have told ourselves to do more in our mass communication campaign to help people handle such a situation,” he said.

A mass communication campaign is a big, organised effort to get lots of people to know about something.

Soát reckons education has to start with children, as most adults are often too busy to teach about UXO.

To reckon education has to start with children means to say that and believe it.

“Last year, we released a cartoon series to publicize the danger of UXO and how to tackle UXO, the method really works as it received the attention of children.”

To publicize the danger of UXO and how to tackle UXO means to let people know about it.

"The VNASMA plans to carry out more education, vocational training, resettlement support, and community integration in areas severely contaminated with UXO in 2020 and beyond," Soát said.

Vocational training means training to do a certain job.

Resettlement support means help with moving and settling into a new place.

“We have also received support from former US pilots who were our enemies during the war in the northern Vietnamese airspace, such as Charlie Tutt, head of the US veteran pilot delegation, and American Legion National Commander Charles E Schmidt.”

A country’s airspace is the sky above its territory, which it rules over.

A delegation is a team of people who attend a meeting together.

Soát revealed that Vietnamese and US veteran pilots have met several times to discuss how to support Vietnamese war victims through an official US government programme.

To reveal something means to tell someone something that would have been a secret.

“In the future, we expect that the VNASMA and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent will help eliminate the UXO, it’s really a big campaign that we need the help of international experts in finance and technique,” she said Tết (Lunar New Year) is an important time of year for every Vietnamese person worldwide, but it's that little bit more special for Lù Văn Phong and his family this year.

Experts are people who know a lot about something.

Technique means a skill one uses to get something done.

 

WORKSHEET

State whether the following sentences are true, or false:

  1. The Vị Xuyên battle took place thirty-six years ago.
  2. The Việt Nam Association for Supporting Unexploded Ordnance/Mine Action was established in 1948.
  3. An old bomb in Hà Đông District of the capital city four years ago.
  4. Charlie Tutt was part of the enemy army during the Chinese invasion of 1984.
  5. American Commander Charles E Schmidt is helping the VNASMA campaign.

 

ANSWERS: True; 2. False; 3. True; 4. False; 5. True.


 

 

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