An Australian-funded programme called Aus4Reform was officially launched Wednesday to boost the productivity and competitiveness of Việt Nam’s economy.– Photo Australian Embassy
HÀ NÔI – An Australian-funded programme called Aus4Reform was officially launched Wednesday to boost the productivity and competitiveness of Việt Nam’s economy.
The programme, worth A$6.5 million (about US$4.9 million), will support the Vietnamese Government to achieve its targets for improving the business environment and moving Việt Nam towards a more market-based economy.
Aus4Reform is built on the reform momentum achieved through previous Australian-supported programmes, including “Beyond WTO” and “Restructuring for a more Competitive Việt Nam”. It will assist the development and implementation of economic policies, laws and institutions critical to helping Việt Nam’s economy meet its potential.
Speaking at the programme-launching workshop held Wednesday in Hà Nội by the Australian Embassy and Việt Nam’s Ministry of Planning and Investment, Australian Ambassador Craig Chittick said, “Việt Nam has a long history of pursuing economic reform and Australia is proud to have offered our support throughout this process”.
The four-year programme will run until 2021. It aims to help the country register 1 million new formal private enterprises by 2020, increase the percentage of women-led enterprises, accelerate the growth in private sector employment, strengthen property rights, develop more competitive factor markets and improve enforcement of competition policy, facilitating Việt Nam’s regional and international economic integration.
The programme will also promote the gathering of evidence to understand the link between supporting women’s economic empowerment and accelerating productivity growth, especially in rural areas, to strengthen Vietnamese Government reform initiatives.
The project will also build linkages between Australian and Vietnamese institutions to share expertise and experiences.
Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyễn Văn Hiếu said that “after 30 years of implementing economic reform, Việt Nam has achieved much progress. However, the country’s economy still lags behind the countries in the region”.
“Aus4Reform, with much practical content, will help to accelerate the economic reform”, Hiếu said.
According to Dr. Nguyễn Đình Cung, president of the Central Institute for Economic Management, Việt Nam’s economic growth is on a downward trend although annual growth targets have been met.
If the GDP growth rate remains the same, it will be difficult to narrow the development gap with other countries in the region, Cung said.
“The GDP growth has been increasingly dependent on labour productivity growth. But Việt Nam’s labour productivity is still low compared to other countries in the region”, he said.
The country needed to increase productivity growth by at least 6 per cent a year to reach the target of 7 per cent annual economic growth, he said.
According to the expert, the low level of market development is keeping growth down.
There has been no real and fair market competition to become the driving force for innovation and creativity, improve efficiency of enterprises and strengthen the economy overall.
The basic solutions are to build and develop all kinds of markets, increase the scale and level of market competition and ensure fair and equitable competition, the expert said.
In the workshop, Australian economic experts shared experiences of Australia’s economic reforms over the last few years.
To enhance labour productivity, structural reforms are needed to shift resources into more productive areas, said Raymond Mallon, a senior policy adviser.
Reforms should include efforts to enhance competition to promote innovation, regulatory reform to improve allocative efficiency, plans to use public resources more effectively, work to build pro-productivity institutions and initiatives to reduce gender gaps and increase labour force participation, he suggested. — VNS