Viet Nam News
HÀ NỘI — Substandard investment procedures and regulations hinder investors in major power plant projects, baodautu.vn reported.
Ngô Quốc Hội, Director of An Khánh Thermal Power Company told the investment e-newspaper that investment procedures and policies for power plant investors overlapped.
For example, some projects were submitted with detailed information as part of the adjusted National Power Development Plan VII from 2011-2020, which was approved along with the projects in 2016.
However, once the projects were launched, investors were required to re-submit the project’s feasibility study, ask for assessments from ministries and agencies and then ask for Government approval.
“It takes an additional six to eight months for a duplicate process before the project is approved again,” Hội said.
Domestic investors also complained about unequal treatment between independent power producer (IPP) projects and foreign-invested projects under Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) contracts.
An IPP or non-utility generator is an entity, which is not a public utility, but which owns facilities to generate electric power for sale.
Foreign-funded BOT projects are given incentives in foreign currency exchange and power sale guarantees but domestic IPP projects are not.
If investors of IPP projects want to exchange currency to pay loans, they have to register with the State Bank and are at risk of changing exchange rates.
Hội added that domestic power investors faced difficulties in borrowing money from local banks.
The company’s Bắc Giang Thermal Power Plant Project is set to be completed in 2022 with a capacity of 650 MW. This required investment of more than US$1 billion, which proved difficult to secure.
The company had to ask for loans from various banks as State Bank regulations only allowed a bank to provide loans to a customer worth a maximum of 15 per cent of its capital.
As a result, a big bank in Việt Nam like BIDV can lend a project about VNĐ7.3 trillion (US$321.14 million) at most while an engineering-procurement-construction contract for a power plant is at least VNĐ22 trillion.
“The rate should be increased to 25 per cent or power projects will face funding shortages as it’s not easy to mobilise loans from multiple banks,” Hội said.
He also asked for a guarantee that Electricity of Việt Nam would buy power from IPP projects so that the projects could easily access loans.
Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Hoàng Quốc Vượng said the ministry had proposed the Government exempt investors from re-submitting feasibility studies if their projects were in the adjusted National Power Development Plan VII.
On differences between policies for IPP projects and foreign BOT projects, Vượng said that few local investors could afford $1 billion for a 650MW power plan or $2 billion for a 1,000-1,200 MW plant.
Thus, it was necessary to call for foreign investment and preferential treatment for foreign BOT projects was needed, he said.
He added that once energy investment demand fell and domestic investors were stronger, there would be no difference between policies for foreign and local investors. — VNS