HCM CITY — Healthcare centres should set up infection-control systems to reduce the rate of hospital-caused diseases, a health expert told a seminar held in HCM City on Thursday. Prof. Dr Le Hoang Ninh, head of the Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, said stopping infections from spreading through the environment was highly important.
Hospitals should build facilities based on ISO 9000 and ISO1400 standards and have isolation wards to limit contact between patients.
While all tools and even floors have to be cleaned with antiseptics, the chemicals should be used based on the seriousness of the infection threat, he said.
Dr Le Thi Anh Thu, head of Cho Ray General Hospital's Hospital-Acquired Infection Control Ward, said failure to scrupulously follow disinfection regulations is one of the main causes of infection.
Some hospitals do not pay much attention to disinfecting tools, especially endo-scopes, she added.
Ninh also said the air circulation system in hospitals, especially surgery rooms, should be designed and operated carefully to minimise infection.
Water and food distributed at hospitals had to meet the national standards, he said.
To achieve this, streng-thening health workers' awareness of infection was a key requirement.
About 600,000 of the 7.5 million people hospitalised in Viet Nam every year contract infections at hospitals, he said, adding they can be classified in three categories: incision, respiration, and digestion.
A HCM City-based obstetrics hospital reported that 111 of 129 patients contracted post-natal infection between May and July this year.
The leading causes of infection are E. coli (42.5 per cent), enterococci (16.4 per cent), enterobacteria (10.3), staphylococci (10.3 per cent), and streptococci (7.5 per cent). — VNS